Population of localities are determined by taking into account the population obtained from the Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS), which was established in 2007 and is updated by the General Directorate of Population and Citizenship Affairs (GDPCA), and the population living in institutional places. Persons who live in institutional places (military barracks, prisons, nursing homes, university dormitories, etc.) are included in the population of localities where the institutional places are founded according to the international definitions.
In addition, population of provinces, districts, municipalities, villages and quarters are determined by taking into account administrative attachment, legal entity and name changes recorded by the GDPCA in the National Address Database in accordance with the related regulation and administrative registers.
With this press release, the results of 2011 referring to December 31, 2011 on the basis of information taken from the GDPCA are presented.
The population of Turkey is 74.724.269 on December 31, 2011
In 2011, the population living in Turkey increased 1.001.281 persons according to the previous year. 50,2% of the total population is males (37.532.954 persons) and 49,8% is females (37.191.315 persons).
Annual population growth rate of Turkey in 2011 is 13,5 in thousands
While population size of 56 provinces out of 81 was increased, population size of 25 provinces was decreased in 2011.
Proportion of population living in province and district centers is 76,8%
While 76,8% of the total population (57.385.706 persons) lives in the province and district centers, 23,2% lives in towns and villages (17.338.563 persons).
The proportion of population living in the province and district centers is the highest with 99% in İstanbul and it is the lowest with 35% in Ardahan.
Proportion of the population living in İstanbul is 18,2%
The proportion of population living in İstanbul is 18,2% (13.624.240 persons). This province is followed by Ankara with 6,6% (4.890.893 persons), İzmir with 5,3% (3.965.232 persons), Bursa with 3,6% (2.652.126 persons) and Adana with 2,8% (2.108.805 persons), respectively. Population size of Bayburt as the least populated province in Turkey is 76.724. Half of population is below age 29,7 in Turkey
The median age of the population in Turkey is 29,7. While the median age is 29,1 for males, it is 30,3 for females. The median age for population living in province and district centers is 29,5; that of the village population is 30,5.
Proportion of the population between 15 and 64 years of age is 67,4%
Persons at the age group of 15-64 (50.346.979 persons) which are the working ages constitute 67,4% of the total population. 25,3% of the population of Turkey is in the age group of 0-14 (18.886.575 persons), and 7,3% is in the age group of 65 and over (5.490.715 persons).
The number of persons per square kilometer in Turkey is 97
The population density which is the number of persons per square kilometer is 97 persons in Turkey. It differs between 11 and 2.622 persons by provinces. The number of persons per square kilometer is 2.622 persons in İstanbul. This province is followed by Kocaeli with 443 persons, İzmir with 330 persons, Gaziantep with 257 persons and Bursa with 254 persons.
On the other hand, Tunceli has the smallest population density with 11 persons. While the population density of Konya which has the largest surface area is 52 persons, that of Yalova which has the smallest surface area is 244 persons.
The press release and the Address Based Population Registration System Database for more information can be reached from the web site of TurkStat (http://www.turkstat.gov.tr).