The population of Turkey became 76 667 864 on December 31, 2013
In 2013, the population living in Turkey increased 1 040 480 persons compared to the previous year. 50.2% of the total population were males (38 473 360 persons) and 49.8% were females (38 194 504 persons).
Annual population growth rate of Turkey in 2013 was 13.7‰
Annual population growth rate increased to 13.7‰ in 2013 from 12‰ in 2012.
Proportion of population living in province and district centers was 91.3%
The proportion of population living in the province and district centers was 91.3% in 2013 while this figure was 77.3% in 2012. The main reason of this sharp rise was establishment of 14 new metropolitan municipalities and enlarging the municipal borders by abolition of towns and villages in all of the 30 metropolitan provinces.
Number of population living in İstanbul increased by 2.2%
The most populated province was İstanbul with 18.5% (14 160 467 persons) of total population in 2013. This province was followed by Ankara with 6.6% (5 045 083 persons), İzmir with 5.3% (4 061 074 persons), Bursa with 3.6% (2 740 970 persons) and Antalya with 2.8% (2 158 265 persons), respectively. The least populated province was Bayburt with 75 620 inhabitants.
Median age in Turkey increased in 2013
The median age of the population in Turkey increased from 30.1 in 2012 to 30.4 in 2013. While the median age was 29.8 for males, it was 31 for females in 2013. Provinces with the highest median ages were Sinop (38.2), Balıkesir (37.7) and Edirne (37.6) respectively. Provinces with the lowest median ages were Şırnak (18.7), Şanlıurfa (19) and Ağrı (19.7).Population Pyramid, 2013
Number of population at working age increased by 1.6%
Population in 15-64 working age group increased by 0.1 points from 67.6% in 2012 to 67.7% in 2013 (51 926 356 persons). Children aged 0-14 in 2013 were 24.6% (18 849 814 persons) of the total population and population aged 65 and over was 7.7% (5 891 694 persons) of the total population.
Number of people per square kilometer increased
The population density which is the number of persons per square kilometer increased by 2 person compared to 2012 and reached to 100 persons in Turkey in 2013. The province with the highest number of persons per square kilometer was İstanbul with 2 725 persons. This province was followed by Kocaeli with 464 persons, İzmir with 338 persons, Gaziantep with 270 persons and Bursa with 263 persons. Besides, Tunceli had the smallest population density with 11 persons per square kilometer.
Population density of Konya which has the largest surface area was 53 persons. And population density of Yalova which has the smallest surface area was 260 persons.
Population of localities are determined by taking into account the population obtained from the Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS), which was established in 2007 and is updated by the General Directorate of Civil Registration and Nationality (GDCRN). In addition, according to the international definitions, persons who live in institutional places (military barracks, prisons, nursing homes, university dormitories, etc.) are included in the population of localities where the institutional places are sited.
Besides, population of provinces, districts, municipalities, villages and quarters are determined according to the administrative attachment, legal entity and name changes recorded in the National Address Database (NAD) by GDCRN in accordance with the related regulation and administrative registers.
In this context, GDCRN updated the NAD according to the Law no: 6360, 6447 and 5393 based on the decision of Presidency of Supreme Election Council, on December 1st, 2013. Consequently, the results of 2013 ABPRS include the changes in administrative division (border and legal entity changes), which will enter into force with the first local government elections.