22 April 2014
Statistics on Child, 2013
29.7% of Turkey’s population is comprised of children
While Turkey’s population was 76 667 864 referring to the end of 2013, child population was 22 761 702. Child population, which includes 0-17 age group according to the definition of the United Nations, was 45% of the total population in 1935; this proportion was 29.7% in 2013.
When the age structure of child population was examined, 27.3% of children were in the age group of “0-4”, 27.6% in age group of “5-9”, 28% in age group of “10-14 and 17.2% in age group of 15-17. It was seen that there was no significant change throughout time and between genders regarding these ratios.
The proportion of children was estimated to fall to 17.6% in 2075
Urbanization, rising educational attainment of women, active participation of women in working life, etc. caused reduction in fertility, postponement of births, and decreasing in total fertility rates. These changes decreased the proportion of children in the total population.
The proportion of the children was estimated to fall to 25.7% in 2023 and to 19.1% in 2050 and to 17.6% in 2075.
When compared with the EU member states, the most child population was seen in Turkey
When the proportion of the children in the total population was compared with the proportions of the European Union member countries, it was seen that the highest proportion of children was in Turkey with 29.7% in 2013, the lowest proportion of children was in Germany with 16%. The proportion of children was 22.2% in France, 21.2% in England, 20.2% in Sweden, 17.6% in Greece and 16.8% in Italy.
The province with the highest proportion of children was Şırnak with 48.8%
When the proportion of children in the total population was analyzed according to provinces, Şırnak had the highest proportion of children in 2013 with 48.8%. Şırnak was followed by Şanlıurfa with 48% and Ağrı with 46.3%. The first three provinces with the lowest proportion of children were Tunceli with 18.2%, Edirne with 19.7% and Çanakkale with 19.9%.
The proportion of households with at least one child was 53.2%
It was seen that the proportion of households with at least one child in 0-17 age group was 53.2% in 2013. The proportion of households with one child was 39.7%, with two children was 35.5%, with three children was 14.5%, with four children was 5.3%, and with five or more children was 5%.
The province with the highest proportion of households with five or more children was Şırnak with 40.9%. Şırnak was followed by Hakkari with 30% and Siirt with 29.2%.
When the proportion of households with at least one child was analyzed according to provinces, the highest proportion of households with at least one child was in Şırnak with 81.4%. Şırnak was followed by Hakkari with 81.1%, Van with 79.9% and Şanlıurfa with 79.1%. The lowest proportion of households with at least one child was in Sinop with 36.9%. Sinop was followed by Çanakkale with 37% and Tunceli with 37.5%.
Roughly 1 million 283 thousand babies was included to our population in 2013
According to the birth statistics, the number of births was 1 283 062 in 2013. Among these, 51.4% was boys and 48.6% was girls. When the births events were examined by years, there was no any significant change in sex of births. Sex ratio at birth was 105.8 in 2013. In other words, about 106 boys were born for each 100 girls.
97% of babies were born in health institutions
According to data of the Ministry of Health, while the proportion of births occurred in health institutions was 75% in 2002, this proportion increased to 97% in 2012. When this proportion was analyzed by Statistical Regions Level 1, it was seen that the whole births in Istanbul, West Marmara, West Anatolia, and Mediterranean regions and also 88% of births in North East Anatolia and Central East Anatolia occurred in health institutions in 2012.
The most popular names given to babies were Yusuf for boys and Zeynep for girls
Top three most popular boy names given to newborns were Yusuf, Berat and Mustafa in 2013. Top three most popular girl names given to newborns were Zeynep, Elif and Ecrin. For the 0-17 age group, top three most popular boy's names were Mehmet, Yusuf and Mustafa. On the hand, top three most popular girl’s names were Zeynep, Elif and Merve.
10 Most Popular Names for Babies and Children by Sex, 2013
The number of students per classroom was 29 In 2013/2014 academic year, the number of students per teacher was 19 in primary schools, 18 in secondary schools and 16 in secondary education. It was seen that the number of students per classroom was 29 in all level of education, as well.
When, the number of students per teacher was examined by Statistical Regions Level 1, it was seen that the highest number of students per teacher for primary schools was in South East Anatolia Region with 25 students and lowest number of students per teacher in primary schools was in West Black Sea Region with 15 students. The number of students per teacher in secondary schools was highest in Istanbul and South East Anatolia Region with 22 students and lowest in West and East Black Sea Regions with 13 students.
When the number of students per classroom was examined by Statistical Regions Level 1, it was seen that primary and secondary schools were highest in Istanbul and South East Anatolia Region with 39 students per classroom and lowest in the East Black Sea Region with 20 students per classroom. In secondary education, South East Anatolia Region was highest with 37 students per classroom, whereas East black Sea Region was lowest with 22 students per classroom.
The proportion of child brides legally married was 3% in 2013
The proportion of child brides legally married was 3% in 2013. 69.9% of these brides got married with grooms who are older than 6 and more years from themselves. In 15.2% of child brides, age differences between brides and grooms was seen 11 years and over. In Mediterranean, Northeast Anatolia and Centraleast Anatolia Regions, this proportion was approximately 20%. So it was seen that one of five child brides under 18 years of age was younger 11 years of age and over than her husband.
Using mobile phones average age of children was 10 years
In 2013, using computer average age of children (6-15 age group) was 8 years, using internet average age of children was 9 years and using mobile phones average age of children was 10 years.
The proportion of children (6-15 age group) having their private computers was 24.4%, the proportion of children having mobile phones was 13.1%, the proportion of children having game console was 2.9%.
Children were exposed to cigarette smoke in 34.9% of households
In 2012, 54.8% of households had at least one person having cigarettes, tobacco, cigars, smoking habit.
In 34.9%of these households, there was at least one child and these children were exposed to cigarette smoke. However, when this proportion was examined by years, it was seen a decreasing tendency. In 2010, while the proportion of households having at least one child and also having tobacco, cigars, smoking habit was 36%, this proportion decreased to 34.9% in 2012.
In 7.4% of households having at least one child, the toilet was outside the house
In 2011, it was seen that in 7.4% of households having at least one child, the toilet was outside the house. The proportion of households having children and being their toilet outside their houses was examined by provinces, the province having the highest proportion was Iğdır with 52.4%. Iğdır was followed by Kars with 50%, Ağrı with 41.8% and Ardahan with 41.1%.
Children are the hope of our future. We believe that every child has the right to grow in healthy environment, to receive a good education that provides competence and empowers them to be self-sufficient, to be encouraged and nurtured emotionally, intellectually, and spiritually, to be treated fairly and justly, without discrimination and to have their physical needs adequately met, including nutrition, housing, and medical care in peaceful environment. “Statistics on Child, 2013" press release and updated related publication into use in order to monitor the improvements in aforesaid matters and to develop policies on child well-being. This press release is special to April 23 Turkish National Sovereignty and International Children's Day.