Income of the richest part of the population is 7.7 times of the poorest part
Considering the quintiles, the share of the highest income group – fifth quintile group – is 46.6% whereas the share of the first quintile which has the lowest income is 6.1%.
Therefore, the share of the fifth quintile of the total income is 7.7 times more than the first quintile. S80/S20 indicator is calculated as 7.2 for urban settlements and 6.5 for rural settlements. Quintiles ordered by equivalised household disposable income, 2012-2013
Income distribution was recovered 0.002 point according to last year
Gini coefficient, which is one of the income inequality criteria, is estimated as 0.400 with a decrease 0.002 point based on the previous year. The coefficient is estimated as 0.392 for urban settlements and 0.365 for rural settlements.
Lorenz curve, which is a graphical demonstration of the inequality in distribution of the income among population, reveals that there is no significant change for Turkey in income distribution by showing that curves overlap.The Lorenz curves of equivalised household disposable incomes, 2012-2013Average annual disposable income of households is 29 479 TL
In Turkey, the average annual disposable income per household is 29 479 TL whereas average annual equivalised household disposable income is 13 250 TL. By the regions; Istanbul has the highest average annual equivalised household disposable income with 18 248 TL. This is followed by West Anatolia with 16 294 TL. South East Anatolia has the lowest average income with 6 920 TL. Wages and salaries have the highest proportion of total household income
Wage and salaries has the highest rate with 48.3% of total income. This is followed by the social transfers with 19.7% and entrepreneurial incomes with 19.6%.
Pensions and survivor’ benefits have 92% of social transfers. The proportion of pensions and survivor’ benefits are 18.2% while the rate of the other social transfers is 1.5% of total income. 67.3% of entrepreneurial incomes are formed by non-agricultural income.The at-risk-of-poverty-rate is 15%
Various poverty thresholds are calculated by using 40%, 50%, 60% and 70% of equivalised household disposable median income.
The at-risk-of-poverty-rate is estimated as 15% according to poverty threshold calculated by 50% of equivalised household disposable median income. While this rate is 13.6% for urban areas, it is 14.3% for rural areas by using poverty thresholds calculated separately for urban and rural areas.The persistent at-risk-of-poverty-rate is 13%
“Persistent at-risk-of-poverty-rate” shows the percentage of the population living in households where the equivalised disposable income was below the “at-risk-of-poverty threshold” for the current year and at least 2 out of the preceding 3 years. 60% of equivalised household disposable median income is taken into account in calculating persistent at-risk-of-poverty-rate. According to this definition; persistent at--risk-of-poverty-rate was calculated as 13% for 2013 where it was 16% for 2012.Living conditions got better than those in the previous year
Of the non-institutional population;
• 39.7%had some problems with their dwellings such as “leaking roof, damp walls/floors/foundation, rot in window frames/floors”.
• 42.2% had “heating problem with their dwellings due to isolation”.
• 65.4% had installments and loans/arrears (other than mortgage -for the main dwelling- and housing cost).
• 78.5% hadn’t have the capacity to afford paying for “one week (annual) holiday away from home”,49% hadn’t have the capacity to afford paying for “unexpected expenses“ and 75.5% hadn’t have the capacity to afford paying for “replacing worn-out furniture“ due to economic reasons.
• 60.7% were owner occupied of their dwellings.Material deprivation rate decreased according to last year
Severe material deprivation rate, which is defined as the percentage of population with an enforced lack of at least four out of nine material deprivation items in the economic strain and durables dimension, was calculated as 49.7% for 2013 where it was 59.2% for 2012.