Female population constituted 49.8% of Turkey’s population
Male population (38 984 302 person) constituted 50.2% of Turkey’s population (77 695 904 person) and female population (38 711 602 person) constituted 49.8%. In Turkey, while 71.3% of population in the total female population is in the 18 and over age group, 69.9% of male population is in this group in 2014. The proportion of female population is above the proportion of male population in 65 and over age groups.Female life expectancy at birth is 79.4 years
In Turkey, life expectancy at birth is 76.3 years at total, 73.7 years for men and 79.4 years for women. In general, women live longer than men and the difference in life expectancy at birth is 5.7 years.
In Turkey, while life expectancy at birth is highest in Giresun with 82.2 years for females, it is highest in Karaman with 76.3 years for males. The province which has the lowest female and male life expectancy at birth is Erzurum with 74 and 70.2 years, respectively. Illiterate female population is 5 times more than illiterate male population
In Turkey, while the proportion of total illiterate population in 25 and over age groups is 5.7%, this proportion is 1.9% for male population and 9.4% for female population in 2013.
While the proportion of high school and equivalent graduates in 25 and over age groups is 18.2%, this proportion is 22.2% for males and 14.4% for females. The proportion of total higher education graduates is 12.9%, this proportion is 15.1% for males and 10.7% for females.Selected indicators by sex, 2013The groom is older in 74.9% of couples married
When the age differences of married couples in Turkey were examined, while the brides were younger than grooms in 75.2% of married couples with civil marriage in 2012, this proportion is 74.9% in 2013. The brides were older than grooms is 13.8% and brides and grooms were at same age in 8.2% of the couples married in 2013.
The province having the highest proportion of marriages that grooms are older 11 years and over than brides among married couples is Hatay with 12.8%. While the province having the highest proportion of marriages that grooms and brides are at the same age is Karabük with 11.3%, the province having the highest proportion of marriages that brides are older than grooms is Hakkari with 21.8%.Ağrı and Yozgat have the lowest mean age at first marriage for females
While the mean age at first marriage for females, who got married legally in 2013, is 23.6, this age is 26.8 for males. The province with the highest mean age at first marriage is Tunceli with the age of 29.1 for males and 26.4 for females. Afyonkarahisar has the lowest mean age at first marriage for males (25) and Ağrı and Yozgat have the lowest mean age at first marriage for females (21.5).
Decision of marriage was taken by spouses mostly
In the context of Demographic and Health Survey, ever-married women were asked that who took the decision of marriage in 2013. 48.8% of women reported that they took the decision with their spouses, 39.6% of women reported that families with their consent took the decision and 6.9% of women reported that families without their consent took the decision of marriage. The proportion of women received prenatal care is 98%
According to Ministry of Health, while the proportion of women received prenatal care was 70% in 2002, this proportion was increased to 98% in 2013. Similarly, the proportion of births occurred in health care providers increased to 98% in 2013. This proportion is lowest in North East Anatolia (Erzurum, Erzincan, Bayburt, Ağrı, Kars, Iğdır, Ardahan) with 89% in 2013 among the regions of the Statistical Regions Level 1.Males employment rate was 2.4 times of females
According to the results of Labour Force Survey, in Turkey the employment rate of population aged 15 and over was 45.9%; this rate was 65.2% for males and 27.1% for females.
When the employment rate of European Union member countries was analyzed, while Sweden has the highest female employment rate with 72.5%, Greece has the lowest female employment rate with 39.9%. The mean female employment rate of the European Union member countries (28 countries) is 58.8%.
While Netherlands has the highest male employment rate with 78.7%, Crotaia has the lowest male employment rate with 56.5% among the European Union member countries in 2013. The mean male employment rate of the European Union member countries (28 countries) was 69.4%.Labour force participation rate of educated females was more than others
Labour force participation rate, which is an important indicator of the labour force, was 50.8% in Turkey, 30.8% for females and 71.5% for males in 2013 according to the annual results of Household Labour Force Survey in Turkey.
When the labour force participation rate was examined by education level, it was seen that the females with the higher educational level have more participation in employment. While labour force participation rate of illiterate female was 17.4%, labour force participation rate of female who had graduates less than high school was 26.3%, labour force participation rate of female who has high school graduates was 32.1%, labour force participation rate of female who had vocational high school graduates was 39.3%, labour force participation rate of female who had higher education graduates was 72.2%.The proportion of female senior managers was 9.4%
In Turkey, the proportion of female senior managers has not shown an important difference and it was 9.4% in public area. The proportion of female judges was 36.9%. In addition, the proportion of females in total academic staff was 28.7% in the 2013-2014 academic year. The proportion of female police officers has not shown a difference over the years, and the proportion was 5.5% in 2014.Participation of females in political life is less than males
While the proportion of female deputies was 4.5% in the Grand National Assembly of Turkey in 1935, this proportion has increased to 14.4% after 79 years.
The total number of ministers in 2014 in Turkey is 25 and the number of female minister is 1. When countries were compared, it was seen that Sweden and Norway have the highest proportion of female ministers with 54.2% and 50% in 2013, respectively.The percentage of females who mentioned that they were happy decreased
According to the results of Life Satisfaction Survey, while 59% of individuals mentioned that they were happy in 2013, the percentage decreased to 56.3% in 2014. While the level of happiness was 61.9% for females in 2013, the percentage decreased to 60.4% in 2014, the level of happiness for males decreased to 52% from 56.1%.Females are more hopeful about their own future
According to the results of Life Satisfaction Survey, the percentage of individuals who were hopeful about their own future was 73.8% in 2014. While the percentage of females who were hopeful about their own future was 74.7%, the percentage of hopeful males was 72.9%.Families and health were the values that made females and males happiest
According to the results of Life Satisfaction Survey, while the percentage of individuals who mentioned that their families made them happiest was 73.3%, this percentage was 69.3% for females and 77.3% for males. For females, children with 18.5%, spouse with 5.3%, parents with 2.2% were followed, respectively. For males, children with 8%, spouse with 4.5%, parents with 4% were followed, respectively.
Health made females and males happiest in 2014. While the percentage of females who mentioned that their health made them happiest was 73.4%, this percentage was 63.9% for males. For females, love with 16.8%, success with 5%, money with 2.8% were followed, respectively. For males, love with 13.9%, success with 12.2%, money with 5.8% were followed, respectively.75% of females reported that females should be more involved in politics
According to the results of Demographic and Health Survey 2013, when these results were analyzed by the females’ attitudes towards gender roles, females reported that 75.2% of females agreed with the statement of “men should also do the housework like cooking, washing, ironing, and cleaning”, 75% of females agreed with the statement of “women should be more involved in politics”, 52% of females agreed with the statement of “woman with children should not work outside the home”.
While 10.1% of females agreed with the statement of “the important decisions in the family should be taken only by men of the family”, 9.7% of females agreed with the statement of “it is better to educate a son than a daughter”.
It is a fact that work has to be done by all sides who have the responsibility to upgrade the social and economic position of women and negative indicators have to be improved. In order to form necessary policies in this field and follow up these policies healthfully, the Gender Indicators Data Set which includes 120 indicators under the 16 topics is published through the TurkStat web site.
In addition, the publication of “Gender Statistics, 2014” which includes gender related statistics and indicators will be published for the International Women’s Day on March 8. The data included in the data set and the publication was compiled from censuses and surveys of TurkStat as well as administrative records, and the surveys of related governmental organizations and universities.