29.4% of Turkey’s population is comprised of children
While Turkey’s population was 77 million 695 thousand 904 referring to the end of 2014, child population was 22 million 838 thousand 482. Child population, which includes 0-17 age group according to the definition of the United Nations, was 45% of the total population in 1935; this proportion was 29.4% in 2014.
When the age structure of child population was examined, 27.6% of children were in the age group of 0-4, 27.7% in age group of 5-9, 27.4% in age group of 10-14 and 17.4% in age group of 15-17. It was seen that there was no significant change throughout time and between genders regarding these ratios. The highest proportion of children were in Şırnak and Şanlıurfa
When the proportion of children in the total population was analyzed according to the provinces, Şırnak and Şanlıurfa had the highest proportion of children in 2014 with 47.8%. Şırnak and Şanlıurfa was followed by Ağrı with 45.7% and Siirt with 45.2%. The first three provinces with the lowest proportion of children were Tunceli with 18%, Edirne with 19.3% and Çanakkale with 19.6%.
When the proportion of children in the total population was analyzed according to the Statistical Regions, the highest proportion was seen in the Southeast Anatolia with 43% and the lowest proportion with 21.9% in the West Marmara. The first 10 provinces with the highest and lowest proportions of child population, 2014
Roughly 1 million 337 thousand babies were included to population in 2014
According to the birth statistics, the number of births was 1 million 337 thousand 504 in 2014. Among these, 51.4% was boys and 48.6% was girls. When the births events were examined by years, there was no significant change in sex of births. Sex ratio at birth was 105.7 in 2014. In other words, about 106 boys were born for each 100 girls.The most popular names were Yusuf for boys and Zeynep for girls
Top three most popular boy names given to newborns were Yusuf, Berat and Mustafa, girl names were Zeynep, Elif and Hiranur in 2014. For the 0-17 age group, top three most popular boy names were Yusuf, Mehmet and Mustafa. On the other hand, top three most popular girl names were Zeynep, Elif and Merve. 10 Most popular names for babies and children by sex, 2014
53.5% of children participated in social networks
According to the 2013 results of TurkStat, Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Usage in Households and by Individuals survey, 53.5% of children aged 6-15 participated in social networks. This proportion was 57.8% for boys, and 48.4% for girls.
When age groups were analyzed in detail, it was seen that 32.8% of children aged 6-10 participated in social networks, while 35.8% of boys and 29.4% of girls in this age group participated in social networks. Also, 70% of boys and 60% of girls in the children aged 11-15 participated in social networks. According to Body-Mass Index 8.3% of children was obese
In general, obesity is the excess of the physical weight compared to physical height and that the fat mass of the body is more than non-fat mass of the body. World Health Organization defines obesity as "Abnormal or excessive fat accumulation in fat tissues in a degree to cause a health problem".
According to 2013 data of Ministry of Health, 2.1% of children (Aged 7-8) in Turkey, was thin, 75.5% was normal, 14.2% was overweight and 8.3% was obese. Obesity proportion was 10% for boys and 6.6% for girls.413 children were killed in the road traffic accidents in 2013
According to road traffic accident statistics, in the traffic accidents occurred in 2013, 48 thousand 307 children were injured, while 413 were killed. 48.9% of killed children were aged 0-9, while 23% of killed children were aged 10-14 and 28.1% of killed children were aged 15-17. 44.3% of poor individuals were children, in Turkey
According to the 2013 results of Income and Living Conditions survey (By 60% of equivalised household disposable median income), there were roughly 16 million 706 thousand poor individuals in Turkey, as the proportion of poor children in the poor individuals was 44.3%.
When this proportion was analyzed according to the Statistical Regions, the highest proportions were seen in the Southeast Anatolia with 55.8%, in the Northeast Anatolia with 54.3% and in the Centraleast Anatolia with 49.6%. Also, the lowest proportions were seen in the West Marmara with 30.4%, in the Aegean with 34.3% and in the East Black Sea with 36.3%. The proportion of child convicts received in to prison was increased
In Turkey, while the number of convicts received in to prison were 161 thousand 711, children convicts aged 12-17 received in to prison were 6 thousand 132 in 2013. 97.3% of these children were boys and 2.7% were girls. When the proportion of child convicts in the total was analyzed, this proportion was 1.5% in 2009 and increased to 3.8% in 2013.
As the type of crime was examined in the children aged 12-17 received in to prison in 2013, theft took the first place by 35.3%.Theft was followed by robbery with 14.5% and assault with 11.2%. When age groups were analyzed in the children aged 12-17 received in to prison in 2013, 18.5% of child convicts were aged 12-14 and 81.5% of child convicts were aged 15-17.22 thousand children died in 2013 in Turkey
In Turkey, 22 thousand 464 children died, in 2013. 55.7% of these deaths were boys and 44.3% were girls. While the proportion of died children in the total was 6% in Turkey, according to the Statistical Regions this proportion was highest in the Southeast Anatolia with 20% and lowest in the West Marmara with 2.4%. Children died mostly as result of external causes of injury and poisoning
When the diseases were examined by the causes of death, in 2013 and 2014 children aged 1-17 mostly died from “External causes of injury and poisoning”. This was followed by “Diseases of the nervous system and the sense organs” and “Neoplasms” for the same age group.
When the diseases were examined according to the years in the children aged 1-17, while the proportion of deaths caused by “External causes of injury and poisoning” was 34.7% in 2013, this proportion decreased to 28.4% in 2014. Also, in the same age group the proportion of deaths caused by “Diseases of the nervous system and the sense organs” was 12.5%, this proportion increased to 15.7%. Finally, this proportion for the “Neoplasms” increased from 11.7% in 2013 to 13.2% in 2014.
When the diseases by the causes of death were examined by age group 15-17, in 2013 and 2014 “External causes of injury and poisoning” took the first place. This was followed by “Neoplasms” and “Diseases of the nervous system and the sense organs”.
Children are the hope of our future. We believe that every child has the right to grow in healthy environment and with the love of family, to receive a good education that provides competence and empowers them to be self-sufficient, to be encouraged and nurtured emotionally, intellectually, and spiritually, to be treated fairly and justly, without discrimination and to have their physical needs adequately met, including nutrition, housing, and medical care in peaceful environment.
In this context, “Statistics on Child, 2014" press release and updated related publication into use in order to monitor the improvements in aforesaid matters and to develop policies on child well-being. This press release is special to April 23 Turkish National Sovereignty and International Children's Day.