Income and Living Conditions Survey results had been announced by Turkey, urban, rural and Statistical Regions (SR) Level 1 breakdown until previous year. The results of the 2014 survey will be given by Turkey, SR Level 1 and Level 2 starting from this press release.
Only the Turkey results are included in this press release. The regional results will be announced with the press release which will be released on October 2, 2015.The richest quintile took the 45.9% of the total income
The equivalised household disposable income is calculated from the disposable income of each household divided by the number of persons it consists of by means of the household equivalence scale. The share of the top quintile by the equivalised household disposable income was 45.9% recording a decrease of 0.7 points while the share of the bottom quintile was 6.2% with an increase of 0.1 points in comparison with the previous year.
The income quintile share ratio calculated as the ratio of total income received by the 20% of the population with the highest income to that received by the 20% of the population with the lowest income has decreased from 7.7 to 7.4.There has been a recovery in income distribution compared with the last year
Gini coefficient one of the measures of inequality varies between 0, which reflects complete equality and 1, which indicates complete inequality. According to 2014 results, Gini coefficient was estimated at 0.391 with a decrease of 0.009 points compared with last year.Quintiles ordered by equivalised household disposable income, 2013-2014
Mean annual equivalised household disposable income increased 9.8%
In Turkey, the mean annual equivalised household disposable income reached from 13 thousand 250 TL to 14 thousand 553 TL with a 9.8% increase as compared with the previous year.
Wages and salaries got the highest proportion with 49.1% of total income
Wage and salaries got the highest rate with 49.1% of total income. This was followed by the social transfers with 20.1% and entrepreneurial incomes with 18.5%.
Pensions and survivor’ benefits composed 93% of social transfers whereas non-agricultural income composed 71.1% of entrepreneurial incomes.
The percentage of the population below the poverty threshold was 15%
In 2014, the at-risk-of-poverty-rate according to poverty threshold set at 50% of median equivalised household disposable income remained stable from 2013 to 15%.27.7% of illiterates and 1.3% of university graduates were poor
27.7% of illiterates and 25.1% of literates with no degree were poor. The figures for less than high school and high school graduates were 12.5% and 5.7% respectively. The group with lowest poverty rate was higher education graduates with 1.3%. Persistent at-risk-of-poverty-rate was 15.1%
The persistent at-risk-of-poverty rate shows the percentage of the population living in households where the equivalised disposable income was below the at-risk-of-poverty threshold set at 60% of median equivalised household income for the current year and at least two out of the preceding three years. Its calculation requires a longitudinal instrument, through which the individuals are followed over four years. In 2014 the persistent at-risk-of-poverty-rate was 15.1%.Living conditions based on economic situation got better
A recovery was monitored at the living conditions indicators. In 2014, 37.2% of the population had some problems with their dwellings such as “leaking roof, damp walls/floors/foundation, rot in window frames/floors” while 38.7% had “heating problem with their dwellings due to isolation.
66.5% of the population had installments and loans/arrears (other than mortgage -for the main dwelling- and housing cost). In addition, 68.7% hadn’t have the capacity to afford paying for “one week (annual) holiday away from home”, whereas 29% hadn’t have the capacity to afford paying for “unexpected expenses“ and 68.4% hadn’t have the capacity to afford paying for “replacing worn-out furniture“ due to economic reasons.
29.4% of the population suffered material deprivation
Severe material deprivation rate, which is defined as the percentage of population with an enforced lack of at least four out of nine material deprivation items.
These items are arrears on mortgage or rent payments, utility bills or other loan payments, etc., capacity to afford paying for one week's annual holiday away from home, capacity to afford a meal with meat, chicken, fish every second day, capacity to face unexpected financial expenses, households cannot afford a telephone (including mobile phone), a colour TV, a washing machine, a car and ability of the household to pay for keeping its home adequately warm.
Material deprivation rates were updated according to Eurostat arrangements for 2006-2014. Material deprivation rate, 2006-2014
In 2014 the material deprivation rate decreased to 29.4% as compared with the 43.8% in 2013.