Female population constituted 49.8% of Turkey’s population
Male population (39 511 191 persons) constituted 50.2% of Turkey’s population (78 741 53 persons) and female population (39 229 862 persons) constituted 49.8%. Because of women live longer than men, these proportions change in elder population (aged 65 and older). While male population constituted 43.8% of elder population, female population constituted 56.2%.
Female life expectancy at birth is 80.7 years
Life expectancy at birth is 78 years at total, 75.3 years for men and 80.7 years for women in 2014. In general, women live longer than men and the difference in life expectancy at birth is 5.4 years.
In our country, while life expectancy at birth is highest in Tunceli with 85.7 years for females, it is highest in Muğla with 77.7 years for males. The province which has the lowest life expectancy at birth is Ağrı with 77.5 years for female, it is lowest in Kilis with 72.3 years for male.
1 out of every four women is obese
In Turkey, while 17.2% of the individuals aged 15 and older was obese in 2012, this proportion increased to 19.9% in 2014 according to Turkey Health Survey. The proportion of obese was 20.9% for female in 2012, this proportion is 24.5% in 2014. The proportion of obese was 13.7% for male in 2012, this proportion increased to 15.3% in 2014.
Illiterate female population is 5 times more than illiterate male population
In Turkey, while the proportion of total illiterate population in 25 and over age groups is 5.6%, this proportion is 1.8% for male population and 9.2% for female population in 2014.
While the proportion of high school and equivalent graduates in 25 and over age groups is 19.1%, this proportion is 23.2% for males and 15% for females. The proportion of total higher education graduates is 13.9%, this proportion is 16.2% for males and 11.7% for females.
Selected indicators by sex, 2014
The mean age at first marriage for females is 23.9
While the mean age at first marriage for females, who got married legally in 2015, is 23.9, this age is 27 for males. The province with the highest mean age at first marriage is Tunceli with the age of 29.4 for males and 26.6 for females. Afyonkarahisar has the lowest mean age at first marriage for males (25.1) and Ağrı has the lowest mean age at first marriage for females (21.2).
The province with the highest mean age at divorcement is Yalova
When the mean age at divorcement was investigated, it was seen that the mean age at divorcement for females is 34.8 and this age is 39.1 for males according to divorcements realized in 2015. Hakkari has the lowest mean age at divorcement for males (34.1) and Ardahan has the lowest mean age at divorcement for females (29.2). The province with the highest mean age at divorcement is Yalova with the age of 43.3 for males and 38.8 for females.
Female employment rate was half of male employment rate
In Turkey the employment rate of population aged 15 and over was 45.5%; this rate was 64.8% for males and 26.7% for females in 2014.
Labour force participation rate of educated women was higher
In Turkey, labour force participation rate of population aged 15 and over was 50.5%, this rate was 71.3% for males and 30.3% for females in 2014.
When labour force participation rate by education status was investigated, it was seen that the higher education status of women, more women participate to labor force. The participation rate was 16% for illeterate women, 25.8% for women graduated less than high school, 31.9% for women graduated from high school, 39.8% for women graduated from vocational high school and 71.3% for women graduated from higher education.
Women spent 4 hours 17 minutes on household and family care per day
According to Time Use Survey 2014-2015 results, when the distribution of time allocation for individuals aged 10 and older was investigated, it was seen that after sleeping activity women spent most time on household and family care with 4 hours 17 minutes, men spent most time on employment with 3 hours 58 minutes.
Women earned less income than men in all education levels
According to Income and Living Conditions Survey 2014 results, a working woman who graduated from higher education has 1.3% lower income than a working man having same education level. The education level in which there is the most income difference between genders is level of less than high school with 1.8% difference.
4 out of every 10 women have been subjected to physical violence from partners
Throughout the country, the proportion of ever-married women who reported having been subjected to physical violence during lifetime is 35.5% in 2014 according to Domestic Violence Against Women Survey realized by Ministry of Family and Social Policies.
Lifetime physical violence is stated the most in the Central Anatolia region with 42.8% and stated the least in the Eastern Black Sea region with 26.8%.
Females participated less in political life than males
While the proportion of female deputies was 4.5% in the Grand National Assembly of Turkey in 1935, this proportion has increased to 14.7% after 80 years. When countries were compared, it was seen that Sweden and Finland have the highest proportion of female deputies with 45% and 42.5% in 2014, respectively.
The total number of ministers in 2015 in Turkey is 27 and the proportion of female ministers is only 7.4%. When countries were compared in 2013, it was seen that Sweden and Norway have the highest proportion of female ministers with 54.2% and 50%, respectively.
Proportion of mayor females in local governments was 0.9% in 2009, this proportion is 2.9% in 2014. Proportion of city councilor females was 4.2% in 2009, this proportion is 10.7% in 2014.
It is a fact that work has to be done by all sides who have the responsibility to upgrade the social and economic position of women and negative indicators have to be improved. In order to form necessary policies in this field and follow up these policies healthfully, the Gender Indicators Data Set which includes 120 indicators under the 16 topics is published through the TurkStat web site.
The data included in the data set and the publication was compiled from censuses and surveys of TurkStat as well as administrative records, and the surveys of related governmental organizations and universities.