Total environmental expenditure was 31.8 billion TL in 2016
Total environmental expenditure was 31.8 billion TL, of which 66.8% was current expenditure and 33.2% was investment expenditure. Out of total environmental expenditures, 76.1% was realized by public sector and 23.9% was realized by business sector. The biggest share in total environmental expenditures of public sector belongs to municipalities with 86.3%. Share of total environmental expenditures in gross domestic product was 1.2% in 2016.
Environmental expenditures centered upon waste management and water services
In total environmental expenditure, waste management services accounted for 40.4%, water services accounted for 32.6%, wastewater management services accounted for 17.6% and other environmental domains accounted for 9.4%. In total environmental expenditure of public sector the greatest share belongs to water services with 42.3% and in total environmental expenditure of business sector the greatest share belongs to waste management services with 65%.
Total environmental revenue was 24.9 billion TL
Out of 24.9 billion TL of environmental revenue, 58.9% was gained by public sector whereas 41.1% was gained by business sector.
Environmental employment was 89 thousand employees
Public institutions, private provincial administrations, enterprises and organized industrial zones employed 89 thousand 265 employees for environmental activities in 2016. 9.3% of employees working on environmental activities were female whereas 90.7% were male.
Within the scope of Environmental Employment, Revenues and Expenditure Statistics, in terms of public sector, all public institutions having environmental activities, all private provincial administrations, all local administration unions having environmental activities, all district municipalities regardless of population size and all other municipalities having a population 5 thousand or more are covered.
As for business sector, the enterprises which have 50 or more employees in “mining and quarrying”, 150 or more employees in “manufacturing” and “construction” sector, 10 or more employees in “electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply” sector and “water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities” and 250 or more employees in other sectors are covered. All organized industrial zones which are in operation or whose infrastructure work is in progress are covered.