Proportion of child population in Turkey was 28.7%
According to Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) results; while Turkey’s total population was 79 million 814 thousand and 871, child population was 22 million 891 thousand and 140 at the end of 2016. While child population which includes 0-17 age group according to the definition of the United Nations constituted 45% of the total population in 1935, 31.5% of the total population in 2008, this population constituted 28.7% of the total population in 2016.
Proportion of child population within total population, 1935-2016
Child population constituted 30.3% of the total population in 2016. The three countries with the highest proportion of child population were Niger with 56%, Uganda with 55.3% and Mali with 54%, respectively. Turkey was the 96th country having the highest proportion of child population among 167 countries with 28.7%.
The highest proportion of child population was in Şanlıurfa
According to ABPRS results, when the proportion of child population in the total population was analyzed by provinces, Şanlıurfa had the highest proportion of child population in 2016 with 47%. Şanlıurfa was followed by Şırnak with 46.8% and Ağrı with 44.5%. The first three provinces with the lowest proportion of child population were Tunceli with 17.6%, Edirne with 18.8% and Kırklareli with 19.2%.
The first 5 provinces with the highest and lowest proportions of child population, 2016
1 out of every 2 babies was born with cesarean section
According to Ministry of Health data; while the cesarean section rate was 21% in 2002, this rate was 51% in 2014 and 53% in 2015.
According to Statistical Regions (SR) Level 1, the region with the highest cesarean section rate was TR6 Mediterranean (Antalya, Isparta, Burdur, Adana, Mersin, Hatay, Kahramanmaraş, Osmaniye) with 64% and the region with the lowest cesarean section rate was TRA Northeast Anatolia (Erzurum, Erzincan, Bayburt, Ağrı, Kars, Iğdır, Ardahan) with 33%.
The most popular names were Yusuf for boys and Zeynep for girls
According to ABPRS results in 2016, the most popular boy names given to newborns were Yusuf, Eymen and Ömer, girl names were Zeynep, Elif and Hiranur. Within the children who were born in last 17 years the most popular boy names were Yusuf, Mehmet and Mustafa. On the other hand, the most popular girl names were Zeynep, Elif and Merve.
Schooling ratio in secondary education increased
Net schooling ratio by educational year and level of education in secondary education increased compared to the last year. In secondary education while net schooling ratio was 79.8% in 2015/’16 educational year, it became 82.5% in 2016/’17 educational year. When net schooling ratios were compared by sex, it was seen that there was no significant difference between sexes.
The province with the highest net schooling ratio of girls in secondary education was Rize with 100% in 2016/’17 education year. This province was followed by Isparta with 98.2% and Artvin with 97.7%. The lowest net schooling ratio was in Muş with 46.7%. This province was followed by Ağrı with 50.9% and Bitlis with 53.2% respectively.
The proportion of students receiving special education was 1.8%
According to the results of national education statistics 2016/’17 educational year, the number of students who continued formal education throughout Turkey was 17 million 319 thousand and 433. It was seen that 51.7% of these students were boys and 48.3% were girls.
The number of students in institutions that has specially trained personnel and applies special education programmes giving special education to individuals who needed special education (hearing, vision, orthopaedic and mildly mentally disabled) was 306 thousand and 205. Students receiving special education constituted 1.8% of formal education students. 62.7% of the students receiving special education were boys while 37.3% of them were girls.
Education costs was the most important problem in education services
According to the results of life satisfaction survey in 2016, the most problems about education services were seen in the subject of education costs. While the proportion of those who saw problems in education costs in public schools was 37.1%, the proportion of those who saw problems in private education schools was 58.8%
While the least important problem seen in education services in public schools in the year of 2016 was about school enrolment with 7.6%, the least important problem seen in private schools was about heating, cleaning etc. with 4.2%.
The first 5 problems mostly experienced in education services, 2016
The proportion of legal child marriages for girls declined
According to the marriage statistics, while the proportion of legal child marriages for girls aged between 16 and 17 within the total legal marriages were 5.2% in 2015, it declined to 4.6% in 2016. The province with the highest proportion of child marriages for girls was Ağrı with 15.7%. This province was followed by Muş with 14.9% and Kilis with 14.3%, respectively. The provinces with the lowest proportion of child marriages for girls were Tunceli with 1.1%, Trabzon with 1.3% and Karabük with 1.5%, respectively.
Youth dependency ratio was 34.9%
According to ABPRS results, the total age dependency ratio, which is defined as the number of persons aged 0-14 and 65 and over for every 100 persons in the 15-64 age group, was 47.2% in 2016. While the youth dependency ratio, which indicates the number of children in the 0-14 age group per 100 persons in the working age, was 35.4% in 2015, this ratio decreased to 34.9% in 2016.
The labour force participation rate in 15-17 age group was 20.8%
According to household labour force statistics, in 2016 the labour force participation rate was 20.8% for children in 15-17 age group. Employment rate was 18% and unemployment rate was 13.5%. On the other hand, differences were observed in labour force participation rate by sex. Labour force participation rate for the boys was 28.6% in 2015, and it declined to 27.8% in 2016. For the girls, this ratio increased to 13.4% in 2016 from 13% in 2015.
The most common punishment of children was reprimanding with 72.6%
According to family structure survey, 2016 results, when the types of punishment given to children by their parents were examined, it was seen that the most common punishment was reprimanding with 72.6%. This was followed by banning the Internet with 48.7% and banning watching TV with 40.8%.
It was seen that the least common punishment given to the children by the parents was locking in room with 8.9%. This punishment was followed by not giving pocket money with 14.2% and not letting see friends with 14.3%, respectively.
The most common cause of punishment given to children was neglecting education
According to family structure survey, 2016 results, when the reasons of punishment given to children by their parents were examined, it was seen that the most common reason for the punishment was neglecting education with 65.9%. This was followed by playing too many games on Internet/computer with 46% and subjects like failing to perform duties such as personal care/ordering his/her room with 33.3%.
The least common punishment reasons given to children by their parents were clothing style with 9.2%, excessive spending habits with 10% and coming home late with 10.5%.
It was thought that children should take care of their parents when they are old
According to family structure survey, 2016 results, when the perceptions related with children were examined, it was seen that 92.3% of the individuals in Turkey thought that the child should take care of his/her parents when they are old. The proportion of individuals who thought that the children draws couples closer to each other was 88.1%, and the proportion of the individuals who thought that each family should have children according to their economic status was 85.3%.
When the perceptions of individuals about boys in Turkey were examined, it was seen that 44.7% of the individuals thought that only a son can assure the continuation of the bloodline and 35.9% thought that a son enhances the respectability of his mother. When the perceptions of the individual about the boys were examined according to the SR Level 1, it was seen that TRC Southeast Anatolia (Gaziantep, Adıyaman, Kilis, Şanlıurfa, Diyarbakır, Mardin, Batman, Şırnak, Siirt) was the region with the highest proportion of individuals who agreed with these both expressions with 55%.
1 out of every 2 children killed in road traffic accidents was under the age of 10
According to traffic accident statistics in 2015, the number of children killed in traffic accidents was 864, and the number of children injured was 55 thousand and 198. While the children in the 0-9 age group killed in traffic accidents constituted 44.8% of total number of children killed in traffic accidents, the proportion of 10-14 age group was 21.5% and the proportion of 15-17 age group was 33.7%.
The next press release date related to this issue is April 2018.
Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat) has been started to publish press releases on special occasions with reference to the importance of the day since 2012. Within the scope of April 23 Turkish National Sovereignty and International Children's Day, which is the unique holiday given to children as a present in the world, TurkStat published this special press release for children. In this press release, it was given to a coverage including social economic qualifications like population structure of children for today and future, health, education, labour force and family structure.
The data in the press release were compiled from the censuses and surveys conducted by the TurkStat and the administrative records.