Self Employed, II. Quarter: April-June, 2017
The modular Self-Employed Survey was applied together with Household Labour Force Survey in the second quarter of 2017 (April, May and June) to gather detailed information on the reasons for starting work, the difficulties faced by own account and employers, working in a co-ownership or business network, future working plan with employees or subcontractor. In addition, the information on employment status preferences and job satisfaction of employed person has also been complied.
The survey conducted in the same period with the European Union countries, is the first modular survey to be carried out on this issue, and more detailed information on survey is given in Annex of this Press Release.
21.4% of total employment was own account and employers
In Turkey, the second quarter of 2017, 21.4% of the total employment composed of 28 million 488 thousand persons were own account and employers. In this period, the number of own account workers was 4 million 781 thousand and the number of employers was 1 million 320 thousand persons.
The share of own account or employers in total employment by sex was 26.3% for males and 10.7% for females.
67.4% of employed persons were dependent workers
The ratio of dependent workers, who were regular or casual employees and economically dependent self- employed, was 67.4% in total employment. This ratio were 69.4% for males and 62.9% for females.
Economically dependent self-employed are defined as the self employed without employees and has either only one or one clearly dominant client and whose (one or main) client decides the working hours.
According to this, the second quarter of 2017, 0.3% of those employed were economically dependent self-employed. The ratio of economically dependent self-employed was 0.3% for males and 0.2% for females.
Employment by employment status and sex, II. Quarter: April-June, 2017
The proportion of those who started to work to continue family business was 35%
35% of own account and employers stated that they started to work as self-employed to continue family business, 24.9% said that a suitable opportunity presented itself and 16.2% said that they could not find a job as an employee.
Main reason for starting to work as own account or employer, Quarter II: April - June, 2017
The most important difficulty faced in the last 12 months was the period of financial hardship
As the most important difficulty faced in the last 12 months is; 22.3% of own account and employers stated that there were periods when they had financial hardship, 20.5% had periods when no customer, no assignments or project to work on, 13.8% said that the main difficulty they faced was lack of access to financing for the business.
The proportion of those who work with a co-owner or in a business network was 17.7%
17.7% of own account and employers stated that they work with a co-owner or in a business network. In this contex, 7.4% of own account and employers worked together with other self-employed in a network, 5.6% of them worked with a co-owner, 4.7% of them worked with both a co-owner and in a network with other self-employed.
The ratio of those who started of the current job in the last 12 months was 9.9%
The share of those who have started to work as own account and employer in the last 12 months of their current job within the total own account and employer was 9.9%. While this ratio was 2.4% in agricultural sector, it was 14.4% in non-agricultural sector.
81.5% of the employed persons stated that they did not want to change their employment status
While 81.5% of the employed persons stated that they did not want to change their employment status, 4.5% of them stated that they wishes to work as employees, 14% of them wishes to work as own account or employer. 18.9% of regular employees wishes to work as own-account or employer, while 23.2% of own account worker wishes to work as employees.
The highest job satisfaction was in the employers with 23.7% according to the employment status
While 17.1% of the employed persons stated that they were satisfied with their work at a high level, this rate was 21% for regular employees, 4.8% for casual employees, 23.7% for own account workers, 9.7% for own account workers and 10.8% for unpaid family workers.
In the second quarter of 2017, results published in this press release includes 14th
weeks period including April, May and June 2017.