Female population constituted 49.8% of Turkey’s population
Female life expectancy at birth was 80.7 years
In Turkey, while male population was 40 million 535 thousand 135 persons, female population was 40 million 275 thousand 390 persons in 2017. In other words male population constituted 50.2% of the population and female population constituted 49.8%. Because of females live longer than males, this proportional balance changed for the benefit of females in the age group of 65 and older. Male population constituted 44% of elder population and female population constituted 56%.
According to the life tables 2016 results; life expectancy at birth was 78 years at total, 75.3 years for males and 80.7 years for females. In general, females lived longer than males and the difference in life expectancy at birth was 5.4 years.
The proportion of women completing at least one education level was 82.8%
In 2016, as the proportion of those who were 25 years of age and older and completed at least one education level in the total population was 88.9%, this proportion was 95.1% for males and 82.8% for females.
If the gender parity index value which expresses the relative size of the female students gross schooling rate to the male students gross schooling rate, is equal to 1, then this means there is equality between male and female students. If it is smaller than 1, it shows inequality on behalf of male. If it is greater than 1, then it shows inequality on behalf of female.
When the gender parity index was analyzed by the type of education; in 2016, the primary education student gender parity index was 1.009, the secondary school gender parity index was 0.943, and the higher education gender parity index was 0.964. When the gender parity index was analyzed by years, it has been seen that the index of higher education gender parity has been constantly improving since 2008 in favor of female students.
Selected indicators by sex, 2016
The proportion of female professors/lecturers in higher education was 43.1%
According to the results of higher education statistics; in 2007, it was observed that the proportion of male professors/lecturers was 59.9% while that of female professors/lecturers was 40.1%. This proportion decreased to 56.9% for male and increased to 43.1% for female in 2016.
Female employment rate was less than half of male's employment rate
According to the household labour force survey results; in Turkey the employment rate of population aged 15 and over was 46.3%, this rate was 65.1% for males and 28% for females in 2016.
When labour force participation rate by education status was investigated, it was seen that the higher education status of females, females participated more to labour force. The labour force participation rate was 15.2% for illiterate females, 27.2% for females who graduated from school less than high school, 33.6% for females who graduated from high school, 41.4% for females who graduated from vocational high school and 71.3% for females who graduated from higher education.
Employment of females is most in service sector
According to the household labour force survey results; in 2016, when the employment rate was analyzed by sex and economic activities, in the agricultural sector the total employment rate was 19.5%, the male employment rate was 15.5% and the female employment rate was 28.7%. In the industrial sector the total employment rate was 26.8%, the male employment rate was 31.6%, and the female employment rate was 15.9%. In the service sector, the total employment rate was 53.7%, which was 53% for male and 55.4% for female.
The part-time work in females' employment was three times that of male
According to the results of household labor force survey; the proportion of part-time workers in employment was 10.3% in total in 2016, this proportion was 6.5% for males and 19.1% for females.
The proportion of females in management positions in Turkey was 16.7% in 2016
According to the results of household labor force survey, the proportion of females working in senior and middle managerial position was 14.4% in 2012 and 16.7% in 2016.
The mean age at first marriage for females was 24.6 in 2017
According to the results of marriage statistics, 2017; the mean age at first marriage for females who officially made their first marriage in 2017 was 24.6, while that of males was 27.7. The province with the highest mean age at first marriage was Tunceli with 30.6 for males and 28.2 for females. The provinces with the lowest mean age at first marriage were Niğde and Şanlıurfa with 25.8 for males and Ağrı with 21.6 for females.
The highest crude divorce rate was in İzmir with 2.57 per thousand
According to the results of divorce statistics, 2017; crude divorce rate became 1.6 per thousand. When it was analyzed by provinces, the highest crude divorce rate was in İzmir with 2.57 per thousand. This province was followed by Antalya and Muğla with 2.51 per thousand and Aydın with 2.3 per thousand. The lowest crude divorce rate was in Hakkari with 0.2 per thousand. This province was followed by Bitlis with 0.21 and Şırnak with 0.22 per thousand.
Spouses had problems with each other mostly in home-related responsibilities
According to the results of the family structure survey, 2016, it was seen that the most problematic issue between the spouses was responsibilities regarding the house with 5.9%. The other problematic issues were that not spending time with the whole family with 5.4% and smoking habit with 5.3%, respectively.
When it was examined by sex; the females said that they had problems with their husbands mostly on insufficienct income of spouses, home-related responsibilities and smoking habits. Spouses had problems on insufficient income of the others with 7.3% for females, 3% for males, on home-related responsibilities with 7.1% for females, 4.6% for males, and on smoking habits with 6.7% for females, 3.7% for males.
Access to mass media in the households was increased
According to the results of income and living conditions survey; in 2016, the proportion of access to the mass media was 98.8%. The proportion of access to mass media was 99.4% in households with male responsible, while this proportion was 96.3% in households with female responsible.
The proportion of obesity in females was 23.9%
According to the results of health survey, when the body mass index calculated using height and weight values was analyzed, the proportion of obese individuals aged 15 and over decreased from 19.9% in 2014 to 19.6% in 2016.
When the proportion of obese individuals was examined by sex, it was observed that 15.2% of males and 23.9% of females were obese in 2016.
Deaths caused by diseases of the circulatory system took first place
According to causes of death statistics results; among the causes of death cases in 2016, diseases of the circulatory system were in the first place with 39.8%, malign and benign neoplasms were in the second order with 19.7% and diseases of the respiratory system were in the third order with 11.9%.
When the causes of death cases were examined by sex, it was observed that there was no significant difference between male and females. According to this, on causes of death, the diseases of circulatory system took first place with 43.9%, the malign and benign neoplasms took second place with 15.1%, and the diseases of the respiratory system took third place with 11%.
Proportion of male smokers was about 3 times higher than that of females
According to the results of the health survey, the proportion of individuals who smoke everyday and sometimes was 32.5% in 2014 and 30.6% in 2016. This proportion was 44.1% for males and 17.4% for females in 2016.
Married males and females are happier
According to life satisfaction survey results; the proportion of individuals who declared themselves as happy was 58% in 2017. While the level of happiness was 53.6% for males, it was 62.4% for females. In total, it was seen that 60.6% of married individuals and 52.4% of non-married individuals were happy. While 55.7% of married males and 65.2% of married females declared that they were happy, 49.1% of non-married males and 55.8% of non-married females declared that they were happy.
Family and health made happy mostly as the source of happiness
According to the life satisfaction survey results; when the persons who are the source of happiness were examined; in 2017, 76.4% of males and 64.9% of females stated that whole family made them happy mostly. 7.7% of males and 20.7% of females stated that their children made them happy mostly.
In values of source of happiness, 64.1% of males and 71.8% of females stated that health made them happy mostly, while 15.2% of male and 17.9% of female stated that love made them happy mostly.
The next release on this subject will be on March, 2019.
It is a fact that work has to be done by all sides who have the responsibility to upgrade the social and economic position of women and negative indicators have to be improved. In order to form necessary policies in this field and follow up these policies healthfully, Gender Indicators Data Set which includes 118 indicators under 16 topics is published through the Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat) web site.
In addition, TurkStat published United Nations (UN) Minimum Set of Gender Indicators via TurkStat website for the first time in 2017 under the Gender Indicator Data Set at the internet address of http://www.turkstat.gov.tr/PreTablo.do?alt_id=1068. UN 52 Minimum Set of Gender Indicators which were agreed by the United Nations Statistical Commission in 2013 are indicators about the subject of gender statistics which are nationally produced and internationally comparable.