GDP per capita index in Turkey based on PPP for 2016 was 64
Purchasing power parities (PPPs) are currency conversion rates that are applied in order to convert economic indicators from national currency to an artificial common currency which equalizes the purchasing power of different national currencies and enables meaningful volume comparisons between countries.
According to the results of the European Comparison Program for 2016, gross domestic product (GDP) per capita index based on purchasing power parity in Turkey was 64 whilst the average for 28 European Union (EU) countries was 100 and Turkey’s GDP per capita index was 36% below the EU average.
The country groups included in the comparison were the 28 member states of European Union, 3 European Free Trade Association (EFTA) countries (Switzerland, Iceland and Norway), 5 candidate countries (Turkey, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Albania) and 1 potential candidate countries (Bosnia and Herzegovina).
Among 37 countries involved in the comparison, the country with the highest index of GDP per capita was Luxembourg with 258 and the country with the lowest index of GDP per capita was Albania with 29. Luxembourg had GDP per capita being 158% above the EU-28 average whereas Albania 71% below the EU-28 average.
GDP per capita indices based on PPP, 2016
The actual individual consumption (AIC) per capita in Turkey was 64 in 2016
While GDP per capita is mainly an indicator of the level of economic activity, actual individual consumption (AIC) per capita is an alternative indicator better adapted to describe the material welfare situation of households. AIC consists of goods and services actually paid or purchased by consumers as well as provided freely by government, or by non-profit organizations (education, health care etc.).
AIC per capita in Turkey was 64 whereas the average of 28 EU member countries as 100 and 36% below the EU-average. Among the 37 countries included in the comparison, Norway had the highest actual individual consumption per capita with 133, while Albania had the lowest with 37.
Actual individual consumption per capita, 2016
The price level index for actual individual consumption in Turkey was 52
Price level index is an indicator of purchasing power of national currencies according to currency conversion rates. If a country’s price level index is higher than 100, the country concerned is relatively “expensive” to the average of compared country group and if it is lower than 100 than it is relatively “cheap” against the same compared group.
According to the results for 2016, Price Level Index for AIC was 52 for Turkey. This figure represents the same basket of goods and services purchased for the cost of 100 Euros in total of 28 European Union countries, could be purchased for 52 Euros in Turkey.
Results given in this news bulletin published by Eurostat, are calculated within the programme of organized by Eurostat in collaboration with OECD.