Central government budget outlays on R&D amounted to 13 billion 24 million TL in 2018
Central government budget outlays on Research and Development (R&D) activities amounted to 13 billion 24 million TL as in comparison with the previous year increased by 21.6% in 2018. According to this result, Central Government Budget expenditures on R&D accounted for 0.35% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and 1.4% of the Central Government Budget expenditure in 2018.
According to provisional results based on initial budget appropriations, Turkey has allocated 15 billion 597 million TL on R&D for the budgetary year 2019.
Indirect R&D support was 4 billion 599 million TL for the year 2018
Total amount of indirect R&D support (R&D tax relieves) was 4 billion 599 million TL for the year 2018.
Central government budget appropriations and outlays on R&D and indirect R&D support(1), 2008-2019(2)
Indirect R&D support was calculated by using the Ministry of Treasury and Finance's data.(2)
2019 value based on initial appropriations.Most important socio-economic objective was General University Funds
The largest share of Central Government Budget appropriations on R&D was directed to the socio-economic objective 'General advancement of knowledge: R&D financed from General University Funds (GUF)' with 40.4% for the year 2019. This share was 34.4% for 'Defense', 6.8% for 'Industrial production and technology', 4.3% for 'General advancement of knowledge: R&D financed from other sources than GUF' and 4% for 'Education' respectively.
Socio-economic objectives, 2019
The next release on this subject will be in July, 2020.
Measuring R&D activities financed by Government (Central Government) based on initial budget appropriations (provisional) and actual outlays (final) are important to identify Government support for R&D or priority of R&D support in Central Government Budget. This covers not only government-financed R&D performed in government establishments, but also government-financed R&D in the other three national sectors (business enterprise, private non-profit, higher education) as well as abroad (including international organisations).
Indirect R&D support covers tax incentives and exemptions based on the Law 193, 5520, 4691, 5746 and 3065. These figures were calculated by using data from the Ministry of Treasury and Finance.