The population of Turkey became 82 003 882 people as of December 31, 2018
In 2018, the population residing in Turkey increased by 1 million 193 thousand 357 people compared to the previous year. Male population was 41 million 139 thousand 980 people and female population was 40 million 863 thousand 902 people. While 50.2% of the total population were males, 49.8% of the total population were females.
Annual population growth rate of Turkey was 14.7 in thousands
Annual population growth rate increased to 14.7‰ in 2018 from 12.4‰ in 2017.
Proportion of population living in province and district centers was 92.3%
Proportion of population residing in province and district centers decreased to 92.3% in 2018 from 92.5% in 2017. Proportion of population living in towns and villages was 7.7%.
Number of people living in İstanbul increased by 0.3%
The most populated province was İstanbul with 15 million 67 thousand 724 inhabitants, constituting 18.4% of Turkey's population. This province was followed by Ankara with 5 million 503 thousand 985 inhabitants, İzmir with 4 million 320 thousand 519 inhabitants, Bursa with 2 million 994 thousand 521 inhabitants and Antalya with 2 million 426 thousand 356 inhabitants, respectively. The least populated province was Bayburt with 82 thousand 274 inhabitants.
Median age of Turkey's population increased
The median age of the population in Turkey increased to 32 in 2018 from 31.7 in 2017. While the median age was 31.4 for males, it was 32.7 for females. Provinces with the highest median ages were Sinop with 40.3, Balıkesir with 39.9 and Giresun with 39.6, respectively. Provinces with the lowest median ages were Şanlıurfa with 19.8, Şırnak with 20.7 and Ağrı with 21.4.
Population pyramid, 2018
Population in working age group increased by 1.4%
The amount of population in 15-64 working age group increased by 1.4% compared to the previous year. Accordingly, the proportion of working age group became 67.8%; the proportion of children aged 0-14 became 23.4% and the proportion of population aged 65 and over became 8.8% in 2018.
Number of people per square kilometer increased
The population density, which is the number of persons per square kilometer, increased by 2 persons compared to 2017 and reached to 107 in 2018. The province with the highest number of persons per square kilometer was İstanbul with 2 thousand 900 persons. This province was followed by Kocaeli with 528 persons and İzmir with 360 persons. Tunceli had the smallest population density same as the past year with 12 persons per square kilometer.
Population density of Konya which has the largest surface area was 57 and population density of Yalova which has the smallest surface area was 310.
The next release on this subject will be on February, 2020.
Populations of localities were calculated by considering the records of Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS), which is updated by the Ministry of Interior General Directorate of Civil Registration and Nationality (GDCRN), and the institutional population. According to the international definitions, persons who live in institutional places such as military barracks, prisons, nursing homes, university dormitories, etc. are included in the population of localities where the institutions are sited.
In addition, population of provinces, districts, municipalities, villages and quarters are determined according to the records of the National Address Database (NAD) as of 31 December 2018.