577 thousand 457 people immigrated to Turkey
In 2018, number of immigrants increased by 23.8% compared to the previous year and reached to 577 thousand 457 people. While 52.7% of this population were males, 47.3% were females. When immigrant population was examined by citizenship, 110 thousand 567 persons were Turkish Republic (TR) citizens and 466 thousand 890 persons were foreign nationals.
323 thousand 918 people emigrated from Turkey
Number of emigrants increased by 27.7% compared to the previous year and reached to 323 thousand 918 people in 2018. While 53.3% of this population were males, 46.7% were females. When emigrant population was examined by citizenship, 136 thousand 740 persons were TR citizens and 187 thousand 178 persons were foreign nationals.
Proportion of immigrants and emigrants by sex, 2017, 2018
The most immigrated population group was 25-29 age group
In 2018, it was seen that 11.9% of the immigrant population were in the 25-29 age group. This age group was followed by 20-24 age group with 11.5% and 30-34 age group with 10.3%, respectively. When the age distribution of emigrant population was analyzed, it was seen that 15.7% of them were in the 25-29 age group. This age group was followed by 20-24 and 30-34 age groups with 13.2%.
The province with the highest number of immigrants was İstanbul
When immigrant population in 2018 were analyzed by provinces, it was seen that İstanbul had the largest immigrant population with 201 thousand 957 people. İstanbul was followed by Ankara with 71 thousand 337 people, Antalya with 36 thousand 674 people, Bursa with 22 thousand 660 people and İzmir with 14 thousand 671 people, respectively.
When the emigrants were analyzed by provinces, it was seen that İstanbul had the largest emigrant population with 113 thousand 430 people. İstanbul was followed by Ankara with 28 thousand 410 people, Antalya with 18 thousand 408 people, Gümüşhane with 16 thousand 789 people and İzmir with 13 thousand 468 people, respectively.
First 5 provinces with the largest immigrant and emigrant population, 2018
23.6% of foreign immigrants were comprised of Iraqi citizens
Iraqi citizens took the first place in the foreign immigrant population in 2018 with 23.6%. This group was followed by citizens of Afghanistan with 9.6%, Syria with 8.4%, Turkmenistan with 7.5% and Iran with 6.8%, respectively.
Iraqi citizens once again took the first place in the foreign emigrant population with 20.6%. This group was followed by citizens of Azerbaijan with 7.4%, Uzbekistan with 7%, Turkmenistan with 5.4% and Iran with 4.9%, respectively.
First 5 countries with the largest immigrant and emigrant population by country of
The next release on this subject will be on July, 2020.
In the calculation process of international migration statistics, definitions and concepts in the "Recommendations on Statistics of International Migration" prepared by United Nations and the reference metadata of international migration statistics disseminated by the Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat) were taken into consideration.
Annual migration flow statistics were calculated based on Address Based Population Registration System, where the records of TR citizens and foreigners residing in Turkey are kept, and the database on TR citizens living abroad. Both these two systems are updated by the Ministry of Interior General Directorate of Civil Registration and Nationality.
In determination of the foreign population, residence permits obtained from the Directorate General of Migration Management were used together with work permits obtained from the Council of Higher Education and Ministry of Family, Labour and Social Services.
Foreigners who are holding three months or longer residence/work permit or a document equivalent to residence permit or who are under international protection are covered within the scope of foreign population. In addition, individuals who renounced the TR citizenship with the authorization of TR and reside in Turkey are also covered in the foreign population. Foreigners who came from Syria and stay in Turkey with temporary protection status are not included in this study.