Supply-use and input-output tables are the tables that provide to analyze elaborately goods and services which are produced and purchased in an economy. Tables are the basis of System of National Accounts, and have an important role on unifying supply and demand, and also serve as a framework for economic statistics for ensuring consistency of the definitions and concepts used and as an accounting framework for ensuring numerical framework with economical statistics, provide consistency between definitions and classifications and composes a suitable frame for numerical consistency of the data which gathered from different resources.
Supply table shows the supply of goods and services produced and by type of supplier, distinguishing output by domestic industries and imports. A row in the supply table describes the supply of a particular product. A column in the supply table describes the total output of an industry by kind of product. In the supply table, domestic output is valued at basic prices and imports at cif-prices. Valuation matrices, which consist of trade and transport margins and net taxes on products, allow a transformation from basic prices to purchasers’ prices. The supply table also shows direct purchases abroad by residents and cif/fob adjustments on imports.
Use table shows good and service inputs which are purchased by industries for primary and secondary productions. On columns shows the production costs of industries, and all intermediate costs are valued at purchaser’s prices. Non-deductible VAT by enterprises is included at purchaser’s prices. Rows show which industries and final demand use supply of total goods and services. The use table also shows direct purchases abroad by residents, purchases on the domestic territory by non-residents and cif/fob adjustments on exports. There are three quadrants in use table. These are:
· Intermediate use describes the intermediate consumption by products and industries. Intermediate consumption shows the goods and services which are necessary to produce as primary and secondary outputs.
· Final uses shows consumption expenditure by household, government and non-profit institutions serving by household (NPISH), gross fixed capital formation, changes in stocks and goods and services exports.
· Value added components shows the compensation of employees, other net taxes on production, consumption of fixed capital, and net operating surplus by industries.
Input-output table is derived from the supply and use tables based on the assumption of product, industry or mixed technology. Table is a square matrix which the number of rows and columns are equal. There are lots of areas input-output table used. These are: structural analyze and planning of economy, analysis of production, analysis of demand structure, analysis of price and cost, analysis of export and import, analysis of investment, analysis of productivity, analysis of sensitivity and impact analysis.
Transaction coverage is the flow of goods and services between economic units expressed in monetary terms.
Geographical coverage is whole Turkey.
Valuation is in current in Turkish Liras. In the supply table, domestic output is valued at basic prices and imports at cif-prices. Valuation matrices, which consist of trade and transport margins and taxes less subsidies on products, allow a transformation from basic prices to purchasers’ prices. In the use table, domestic output and imports are valued at purchaser’s prices.
Period is annual.
Data are obtained from census and surveys carried out TurkStat and administrative records of other public institutions.
Data obtained from the related units of TurkStat;
· Annual industry and services statistics
· Financial intermediation statistics
· Industrial production statistics (prodcom)
· Short term business statistics
· Agricultural statistics
· Livestock statistics
· Fishery statistics
· Tourism statistics
· Household budget statistics
· Household labour force statistics
· Price statistics
· Foreign trade statistics
Data obtained from administrative records
· Central Bank of the Republic Turkey: Balance of payment statistics
· Undersecretary of Treasury: Subsidies for public enterprises
· Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Animal Breeding: Subsidies for crops, animal breeding and water products
· Ministry of Finance: Value added tax, special consumption tax, other taxes on products and production, government consumption by COFOG classification.
· Ministry of Forestry and Water Affairs: Forestry statistics
· Survey results of public establishments and High Auditing Reports, annually activity reports etc. are also examined.
Processing system is based on data used. Various software and databases are used for estimates.
Processing site is TurkStat.
Input-Output Tables is derived from the supply and use tables. Table is a square matrix which the number of rows and columns are equal. Input-output table is derived from the supply and use tables based on the assumption of product, industry or mixed technology. According to the assumption used, the values obtained from the Input-Output Tables may differ from the values in the Supply and Use Tables. Input-Output Tables are used for structural analyze and planning of economy, analysis of production, analysis of demand structure, analysis of price and cost, analysis of export and import, analysis of investment, analysis of productivity, analysis of sensitivity and impact analysis.
Input-Output Table for Domestic Output was derived from domestic supply and use tables at basic prices based on the assumption of industry technology. It identifies which industries and final demand categories are used the domestic goods and services.
The prices used in the calculations are explained below.
The United Nations System of National Accounts (SNA) and the European System of Accounts (ESA). These two systems are identical, but there are some differences in the presentation of the tables.
Tables are given at the level suggested by the United Nations National Accounts System (SNA) and the European System of Accounts (ESA). For industrial groups, Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community and for product groups, Statistical Classification of Products by Activity in the European Economic Community, CPA-2008 was used. The level of detail of the tables was established as A64 (64 industries-64 products) as it is in the European Union countries.