· To determine changes of the country's social and economic structure and to follow structure of enterprises in the industry and service sector which constitutes important part of national economy,
· To compile enterprise based data to determine structure of the sectors,
· To obtain guiding knowledge about economic and social measures that will be taken by decision maker and to produce data for various researches,
· To make available international statistical comparisons,
· To compile sector based data compatible with EU Structural Business Statistics regulations.
Classification: During the years 2002-2008, NACE Rev.1.1 classification was used as a statistical classification of economic activities for Annual Industry and Service Statistics. Since 2009, the classification of enterprises by type of activity have been determined in accordance with the Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community NACE Rev.2.
III. Accounting ConventionsField OperationMethodWhile compiling Annual Industry and Service Statistics both full enumeration and sampling methods are used. Since the aim is to produce information on the basis of local unit and enterprise, for the enterprises having more than 20 employees and for the enterprises active in some special classes, full enumeration; for the enterprises having less than 20 employees, sampling method is used.Sample Plan Coverage: All the enterprises and their local units those are covered by sectoral coverage.Sampling Framework: Business Registers are used for Annual Industry and Service Statistics Survey as a frame.Sampling unit: Sampling unit is enterprise. An enterprise can be constituted by either more than one local unit or only one local unit. In case of the enterprise constituted by only one local unit, this local unit is enterprise itself.Estimation dimension: The aim of Annual Industry and Service Statistics is to produce information based on enterprise and the local unit. For all sectors, in terms of enterprise NACE Rev.2 (4-digit) class level estimations for Turkey and in terms of local units NACE Rev.2 (2-digit) division level regional estimations are planned to be reached.Full enumeration limits: After estimation dimensions and the structure of the sectors are taken into consideration during the studies of Annual Industry and Service Statistics, Full enumeration limits are determined as follows:• All enterprises having more than 20 employees, • In terms of sectors, some activities according to NACE Rev. 2 (4-digit) class level are covered by full enumeration.• In Turkey, the numbers of enterprises were less than 100 according to the classification of NACE Rev. 2 (4 digits)Definitions and Concepts:Number of enterprises: The number of enterprises is count of all units that active at the sectors in coverage of Annual Industry and Service Statistics during the reference period. Number of local units: The number of local units is count of units that get into the act depending on the active enterprises during the reference period. Local units must be included even if they have no paid employees. This statistic should include all units active during at least a part of the reference period. Number of persons employed: This value is obtained by adding the annual average number of owners, partners and unpaid family workers and apprentices active in the enterprise to the annual average number of employees. Number of employees: The number of employees is count of persons who work for an employer and who have a contract of employment and receive compensation in the form of wages, salaries, fees, gratuities, piecework pay or remuneration in kind. Number of part-time employees: Part-time workers are persons whose usual hours of work are less than the normal working hours. Part-time employees (duration of work less than the norm) and intermittent/seasonal employees (who may work full time but for a fixed short period, e.g. temporary workers, film crew etc.) should not be confused.Number of apprentices : All employees who do not participate fully in the production process of the unit because they are working under an apprentice’s contract or because the fact that they are undertaking vocational training impinges significantly on their productivity are included in this variable.The number of employees converted into full time equivalents (FTE): Figures for the number of persons working less than the standard working time of a full-year full-time worker, should be converted into full time equivalents, with regard to the working time of a full-time full-year employee in the unit.Number of hours worked by employees: The number of hours worked by employees represents the aggregate number of hours actually worked for the output of the observation unit during the reference period.Personnel cost: This value is obtained by adding the gross payments made to personnel and social security costs.Wages and salaries: Wages and salaries are defined as ”the total remuneration, in cash or in kind, payable to all persons counted on the payroll (including homeworkers), in return for work done during the accounting period”.Social security costs: Employers’ social security costs is the value of social contributions undertaken by employers in order to provide social security for their employees. Turnover: Turnover is the total of the sales of goods and services invoiced by the observation unit during the reference period. Production value: The production value is monetary value of the amount actually produced by the unit, based on sales, including changes in stocks and the resale of goods and services.Value-added at factor cost: Value-added at factor cost is the gross income from operating activities after adjusting for operating subsidies and indirect taxes.Total purchases of goods and services: Purchases of goods and services include the value of all goods and services purchased during the accounting period for resale or consumption in the production process, excluding capital goods the consumption of which is registered as consumption of fixed capital. Change in stocks of goods and services: Change in stocks (positive or negative) is the difference between the value of the stocks at the end and the beginning of the reference period. Change in stocks may be measured by the value of entries into stocks less the value of withdrawals and the value of any recurrent losses of goods held in stocks. Stocks are recorded at purchaser’s prices exclusive of VAT if they are purchased from another unit, otherwise at production cost.Change in stocks of goods and services purchased for resale in the same condition as received: This variable is defined as the change in stocks at purchaser's prices exclusive of VAT between the end and the beginning of the reference period. The change in stocks may be measured by the value of entries into stocks of products purchased for resale less the value of withdrawals and the value of any recurrent losses of goods held in stocks. Change in stocks of finished products and work in progress manufactured by the unit: This variable is defined as the change in the value of the stocks of finished products or in the course of production, which have been produced by the unit and which have not yet been sold, between the first and last days of the reference period.Gross investment in tangible goods: Investment during the reference period in all tangible goods. Gross investment in land: Included under this variable, in addition to land, are underground deposits, forests and inland waters. Where land is purchased with existing buildings and the value of the two components is not separable, the total is recorded under this heading if it is estimated that the value of the land exceeds the value of the existing buildings. If the existing buildings are estimated to be of greater value than the land, the total is recorded under gross investment in existing buildings and structures. Gross investment in existing buildings and structures: The investment includes the cost of the existing buildings and structures which have been acquired during the reference period. Where land is purchased with existing buildings and the value of the two components is not separable, the total is recorded under this heading if it is estimated that the value of the existing buildings exceeds the value of the land. If the land is estimated to be of greater value than the existing buildings, the total is recorded under gross investment in land.Gross investment in construction and alteration of buildings: This variable covers expenditure during the reference period on the construction or conversion of buildings. Purchases of new buildings that have never been used are included. Also included are all additions, alterations, improvements and renovations which prolong the service life or increase the productive capacity of buildings.Included are permanent installations such as water supply, central heating, air conditioning, lighting etc. as well as construction expenditure related to oil wells (drilling), operational mines, pipe lines, power transmission lines, gas-pipes, railway lines, port installations, roads, bridges, viaducts, drains and other site improvements. Current maintenance costs are excluded.Gross investment in machinery and equipment: This variable covers machinery (office machines, etc.), special vehicles used on the premises, other machinery and equipment, all vehicles and boats used off the premises, i.e. motor cars, commercial vehicles and lorries as well as special vehicles of all types, boats, railway wagons, etc. acquired new or second hand during the reference period.
Information form on revision will be carried out in 2017 for the statistics produced in this scope of this press release can be accessed from the link below.
VI. Other subjects- No production and no data are available.
c If the number of enterprise in any cell of the data table is less than three, the data are not given by law No 5429.
c Pertaining to enterprise of hidden data are not given for hinder to obtain confidential figures by mathematical process.
c If the number of enterprise in any cell of the data table is less than three or one or two of enterprises are dominant even if the enterprise is three or more, the data are not given by law No 5429.
Note : Hidden sector data are shown in sum of two or three digit, level sector codes, province or national total.
NACE Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community
SR Classification of Statistical Regions Units
TR Turkish Liras