I. Analytical Framework, Concepts, Definitions, and Classifications
Definition: The activities of creating content or acquiring the right to distribute content and subsequently broadcasting that content, such as radio, television and data programs of entertainment, news, talk and the like are covered.
Classification: Broadcasting institutions are classified in accordance with the Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community, NACE Rev.2.
International and regional guidelines: Data have been published under the name of Radio and Television Institution Statistics within the context of European Union regulations since 2002.
II. Scope of the data
Sectoral coverage: Programming and broadcasting activities are included in Statistical classification of economic activities in the European Community, NACE Rev.2.
60-Programming and broadcasting activities
6020-Television programming and broadcasting activities
Between 2002 and 2008, only terrestrial broadcasting institutions were covered. Institutions broadcasting via satellite and cable have been covered since 2009.
Geographical coverage: Geographical coverage is Turkey.
Unrecorded activity: None
III. Accounting ConventionsMethodFull enumerationStatistical unit: Enterprise. However, in this study “broadcasting institution” term is used instead of enterprise.
Backcasting: The reconstruction in terms of NACE Rev. 2 of existing statistical time series, currently expressed in terms of NACE Rev. 1.1, is called "backcasting". Data between 2002 and 2008 were classified according to Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community, NACE Rev.1.1. Backcasting was made for the provision of reconstructed time series (2002-2008) in terms of NACE Rev. 2. In this coverage;- Broadcasting institutions were classified by Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community, NACE Rev.2 for the reference year 2009.- As the micro data are available between 2006 and 2008, micro-data approach was used. The "micro-data approach" consists in substituting the old activity code (according to NACE Rev. 1.1) with the new activity code (NACE Rev. 2) and the re-compute the time series on the basis of the new code. Broadcasting institutions were classified taking into account 2009 reference year activity by NACE Rev.2 and the variables were re-computed for constituting time series on the basisi of new code.
- For the years 2002-2005, macro approach was used. The variables were estimated by using 2006 year weights.
Definitions and Concepts:
National broadcasting institution: It provides the media services transmitted via terrestrial networks accessible to at least seventy percent of the national population and to the residential areas determined by the Radio and Television Supreme Council.
Regional broadcasting institution: It provides the broadcasting services transmitted to the minimum seventy percent of the total population of the provinces in a geographical region and to the provinces in a geographical region determined by the Radio and Television Supreme Council.
Local broadcasting institution: It provides the broadcasting service that is transmitted via terrestrial network into the territories of one province at most.
Broadcasting institution broadcasting via cable: A broadcasting institution which is responsible for the contents and arranges radio and television broadcast or to subscribers against fee and/or any of radio and/or television broadcasts given depending on demand to be broadcasted to public via cable.
Broadcasting institution broadcasting via satellite: A broadcasting institution which is responsible for the contents and arranges radio and television broadcast or any of radio and/or television broadcasts given to subscribers against fee to be transmitted to directly public via satellite platform and satellite.
Local unit: Local unit is a broadcasting institution or part thereof carrying out activities corresponding to goods and services situated in a geographically identified place.
Local unit is a part of the broadcasting institution that has a geographically defined address like center of the broadcasting institution, office, broadcasting studio and depot. At or from this place economic activity is carried out for which one or more persons work full time or part time for one broadcasting institution. The center of the broadcasting institution is also a local unit.
Size class: It is determined as 1, 2-9, 10-19, 20-49, 50-249, 250+ according to number of person employed.
Number of persons employed: The number of persons employed is defined as the total number of persons who work in the observation unit (inclusive of working proprietors, partners working regularly in the unit and unpaid family workers working regularly in the unit), as well as persons who work outside the unit who belong to it and are paid by it (e.g. sales representatives, delivery personnel, repair and maintenance teams). It includes persons absent for a short period (e.g. sick leave, paid leave or special leave), and also those on strike, but not those absent for an indefinite period. It also includes part-time workers who are regarded as such under the laws of the country concerned and who are on the pay-roll, as well as seasonal workers and apprentices and home workers on the pay-roll.
The number of persons employed excludes manpower supplied to the unit by other enterprises, persons carrying out repair and maintenance work in the enquiry unit on behalf of other enterprises, as well as those on compulsory military service.
This value is obtained by adding the number of active owners, partners and unpaid family workers and apprentices to number of employees.
Number of employees: It covers the workers in the broadcasting institutions whatever their title, which are paid wages and salaries and the like. Employees who are temporarily absent on this day because of illness, annual leave or strikes etc. are also included.
This value is obtained by dividing the total number of employees into the number of sample months.
Owners and partners: It consists of owners and partners who spend most of the working time in an individual proprietorship, simple partnership, general partnership or limited liability company. If owners and partners are paid salaries for his labour excluding his profit gain, they are included in the "employee" category.
Unpaid family workers and apprentices: It covers wife, husband, children and others who live in the same household and whose food and clothing needs are provided by the family and who work without taking a regular payment and spending most of their working time in the broadcasting institutions and apprentices. If they receive payment for work, they are included in the employee category.
Wages and salaries: Wages and salaries are defined as ‘the total remuneration, in cash or in kind, payable to all persons counted on the payroll (including home workers), in return for work done during the accounting period.
Social security costs: Employers’ social security costs correspond to an amount equal to the value of the social contributions incurred by employers in order to secure for their employees the entitlement to social benefits.
Personnel cost: Personnel costs are made up of wages and salaries and social security cost.
Type of programme: Programmes are categorized according to aim and contents;
- News programmes
- Sports programmes
- Culture programmes
- Religious programmes
- Education programmes
- Information, entertainment
- Dramatic programmes
- Music programmes
- Entertainment programmes
- Promotion of programme
- Reality show
Source of programme production: It is classified according to domestic production and foreign production.
Purchases of goods and services: Purchases of goods and services include the value of all goods and services purchased during the accounting period for resale or consumption in the production process, excluding capital goods the consumption of which is registered as consumption of fixed capital.
Change in stocks of goods and services: Change in stocks (positive or negative) is the difference between the value of the stocks at the end and the beginning of the reference period.
Turnover: Turnover comprises the totals invoiced by the observation unit during the reference period, and this corresponds to market sales of goods or services supplied to third parties.
Production value: The production value is value of the amount actually produced by the unit, based on sales, including changes in stocks and the resale of goods and services.
Value added at factor cost: Value-added at factor cost is the gross income from operating activities after adjusting for operating subsidies and indirect taxes.
Gross investment in tangible goods: Investment during the reference period in all tangible goods. Included are new and existing tangible capital goods, whether from third parties or produced for own use, having a useful life of more than one year.
Gross investment in land: Included in addition to land are underground deposits, forests and inland waters. Where land is purchased with existing buildings and the value of the two components is not separable, the total is recorded under this heading if it is estimated that the value of the land exceeds the value of the existing buildings. If the existing buildings are estimated to be of greater value than the land, the total is recorded under gross investment in existing buildings and structures.
Gross investment in existing buildings and structures: The investment includes the cost of the existing buildings and structures which have been acquired during the reference period. Where land is purchased with existing buildings and the value of the two components is not separable, the total is recorded under this heading if it is estimated that the value of the existing buildings exceeds the value of the land. If the land is estimated to be of greater value than the existing buildings, the total is recorded under gross investment in land.
Gross investment in construction and alteration of buildings: Expenditure during the reference period on the construction or conversion of buildings is covered. Purchases of new buildings that have never been used are included. Also included are all additions, alterations, improvements and renovations which prolong the service life or increase the productive capacity of buildings.
Gross investment in machinery and equipment: Machinery (office machines, etc.), special vehicles used on the premises, other machinery and equipment, all vehicles and boats used off the premises, i.e. motor cars, commercial vehicles and lorries as well as special vehicles of all types, boats, railway wagons, etc. acquired new or second hand during the reference period are covered.
Other gross investment in tangible goods: Other gross investment in tangible goods is not included in above.
Gross investment in intangible goods: Intangible goods that consist of computer software, concession, patent, license, brand and similar rights and other intangible goods (goodwill, foundation and organization expenses, special costs, R&D expenses etc.) intended to be used for more than one year.
Computer software: Investment in purchased software is recognized to be an intangible asset if and only if it is probable that the future economic benefits that are attributable to the asset will flow to the enterprise and if the cost of the asset can be measured reliably.
Rights (concession, patent, license, brand etc): Investment in concession, patents, licenses, brand and similar rights are recognized to be an intangible asset if and only if it is probable that the future economic benefits that are attributable to the asset will flow to the enterprise and if the cost of the asset can be measured reliably. An intangible asset is acquired externally or generated internally.
Other intangible assets: Goodwill, foundation and organization expenses, special costs, R&D expenses and similar other intangible assets are covered.
IV. Nature of the Basic Data Sources
Sources: Annual Radio and Television Institutions Survey is the basic data source.
Type of data collected : Data have been entered by broadcasting institutions themselves on web since the reference year 2013.
Basis of country data: Statistics Law No.5429
V. Compilation Practices
Processing system: Data have been transmitted to databases through web applications by broadcasting institutions themselves and then processed by packaged softwares since the referance year 2013.
Revision is not foreseen in 2016. In case of any revision it will be shared with the public.
VI. Other Subjects
Statistical confidentiality: Pursuant to the Law No.5429 and Regulation on the Procedures and Principles Regarding Data Confidentiality and Protection of Confidential Data in Official Statistics; data belonging to one or two enterprises are not disclosed and in order to prevent obtaining confidential figures by mathematical process, some other cells are hidden.