Turkish citizens and foreign people residing in our country are covered.Foreign people residing or planning to reside in our country for less than six months and Turkish Republic citizens temporarily staying in our country (Turkish people residing abroad but in Turkey for purposes such as holiday, business etc.) are not covered.
It is a large coverage sample survey based on registers of National Address Database and Address Based Population Registration System.
The survey is carried out with netbooks and printed questionnaires by face to face interviewing technique.
The first results of 2011 PHC have been published to public on January 31st 2013 with a news bulltein.
The population censuses are conducted in order to determine completely and correctly the size, the distribution by the administrative division and the main demographic, social and economic characteristics of the population within the boundaries of the country on a certain date.Bringing out the improvement potential of the society by evaluating the human capital in countries and making policies through development plans towards developing targets is possible when quantity and quality of the population are known. Before the Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) was established, this information had been obtained from traditional population censuses being the most important information source for our country.Definition: The population (de facto population) present within the boundaries of the country on the census day is enumareted. This definition requires persons being enumerated at localities where they are physically present on the census day.Legal Base: After the foundation of the Republic, first census was carried out in 1927. The next population censuses were carried out every five years between 1935 and 1990 regularly. 2000 Population Census as the 14th census of Turkey was carried out on October 22, 2000 according to the 1984 Decree no. 219 about the establishment, duties and functions of the State Institute of Statistics and the 1990 Decree no. 403 altering Paragraph (d) of Clause 2 of Decree no. 219. There is no clause in the Turkish Statistical Law about the application date of the following census. Following censuses are conducted according to the regulations which will be determined under the Official Statistics Program.Method: Population Censuses in Turkey were carried out in one day by application of the curfew, as traditional censuses. The enumerators visited all the places that constitute a household, and that do not constitute a household and filled in the questionnaires by face to face interview. Personal characteristics of persons were obtained from persons according to their own statements (not from their identification cards, driving licences, passports or others). The unit of the enumeration is the person.ClassificationsGeographic code: According to the administrative division on the census day, province centers, district centers, sub-districts, villages and quarters classifications are used. Age classification: According to International Standard Age Classification (ISAC-97), single ages and age groups in 5-year interval (0-4, 5-9, 10-14, ..., 90+) are used. Completed ages are stated by the people in the course of the census are considered.Classification of Occupation: Coded according to International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-68).Classification of all economic activities: Economic according to the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities, Second and Third Revisions (ISIC Rev.2).Education classification: Education status is coded according to the International Standard Classification of Education Status, 1997 (ISCED, 1997).
The data cover the whole country. According to the administrative division on the census day, all province centers, district centers, sub-districts and villages are included.The census is conducted in one day. By the application of a national curfew every individual present within the boundaries of the country on the census day, whether a Turkish citizen or a foreigner, is counted, while persons outside the country on that day are excluded in the census. All the persons present at places that constitute a household, that do not constitute a household like dormitories, military quarters, prisons, hospitals, hotels, etc., and the nomadic population are counted, and thus all the population within the boundaries of the country on the census day are completely covered.
Information on households and housing units inhabited by households and the main demographic, social and economic characteristics of persons are compiled in the censuses by face to face interview and by using a questionnaire. “Classic data entry” method was applied in the population censuses which were conducted in the period 1927-1990. In 2000 Population Census, “optical data entry” method was used.