Print media, by the most general definition, is the common name for newspapers and magazines that provide communication between masses.
According to the EU statistics office EUROSTAT methodology, print media is one of the main domains within the context of cultural statistics.
EUROSTAT describes production, distribution and retail sales of periodicals as cultural activities and looks for production of statistics that would cover employment, finance, and expenditure dimensions of activities. In this context; Print media survey has regularly performed since 2006 and producing statistics in order to meet the needs on this domain in our country and EU.
The print media survey was first implemented in 2006 by reference to the year 2005.
Newspaper: Publication that is published for supplying news and information on politics, economics, culture and other subjects commenting or not commenting, and that is published every day or periodically.
Magazine: A periodical publication that analyzes issues like politics, literature, technical subjects, economics, etc.
Release: Presentation of a published work to the public.
Periodical: Describes published works as newspapers and magazines and news agency publications that are published periodically.
Local periodical: Published partly or fully covering at least one settlement area.
Regional periodical: Published in at least three adjacent provinces or a geographic region.
National periodical: Publication covers seventy percent of settlement areas in our country including at least one province in every geographic region.
Printed Media Research includes newspaper and magazine companies which is active in our country in the reference year. (Preschool, primary and secondary education institutions publications and newsletters are excluded).
Geographical coverage is Turkey
Annual data compiled by the regional offices, control and analysis and tabulation plan is the stages through the preparation of publication.
Data sources include newspaper and magazine organizations. Printed Media Research Newspaper / Magazine Questionnaire applied to organizations of all newspapers and magazines.
Data collection method: Written Media Research Newspaper/Magazine Questionnaire field application are carried out regularly every year a full count interview method by the regional offices of TurkStat.
Data processing method: After the completion of the field application and data entry by the regional offices, control and analysis are carried out by Education, Culture and Justice Statistics in the center.
Data are available on the dissemination database
Cinema: A building or hall where the images and movies are screened to the motion picture screen (silver screen) by using a special machine which can project the motion pictures.
Movie: A motion picture show projected by the cinematograph/motion picture projector.
Production: These are the feature length or short movies with or without a subject, which are consist of interrelated moving-picture-sets in documentary, fiction, animation or similar types and produced by using the skills and methods specific to cinema art; which can be projected by electronic, mechanical or other devices regardless of the material used to produce them; which are talking or silent.
Theatre is a performing art designed to be performed by the actors and actresses on a stage in front of the attendances. It is generally used as for the concept of the performed shows. The show represents the events in a state of occurance/continuum. Starting from this side, it can be defined as a performing art situated on the dialogues and actions.
Original (Copyrighted) show: The shows created by using Turkish language.
Translated show: The translation of a show that was created by using a language except Turkish.
The scope of the theatre statistics covers the theatres related with government, universities, municipalities, and non-governmental organizations, private and other kind of theatre (theatre group‘s own hall, cultural centre, multipurpose hall, university or municipal halls, etc.) operating with the aim of periodic or touring performance.
In the study, all theatre halls which are active in reference time period in our country is covered. Each hall that is used for the purpose of theatre performances are covered.
Elementary, middle school and high school theatre performances is excluded.
Cinema and Theater Statistics: Data are available on a provincial basis for 1979 and beyond.
Before the start of the field work of the Cinema Statistics Survey and Theatre Statistics Survey in actual year, an address update process is carried out by the Regional Office in all provinces by using the address database of the previous year. The field work is started with the newly created frames. The questionnaire is filled in by all the active cinema and theater halls in the reference year by using Harzemli web application.
Data processing method: After the completion of the field application and data entry by the cinema and theatre halls under the control of our regional offices, detailed control processes and analysis are carried out by Education, Culture and Justice Statistics Group.
The data analysis and tabulation procedures are carried out by Education, Culture and Justice Statistics Group. Data analysis is done by using SAS and Excel program and tabulation is done by using Excel.
Books: Independent bound or unbound publications, manuscripts, lithography or machine-printed or duplicated, without limitation of the number of pages or subjects.
Libraries: Places where collection of books, periodicals, pamphlets and other printed or written materials are technically classified, indexed and submitted to the use of public.
The National Library: It is the central library which is responsible for acquiring and keeping copies of all significant publications and documents in order to provide and facilitate the use of such materials by researchers; serves as a depository library and data centre; provides both domestic and international flow of information. The National Library supplies researchers in Turkey and abroad, with information they demand by lending or borrowing materials on their behalf from other sources.
Public libraries: Institutions that make it possible for people whether men or women of every age, every profession to benefit free of charge from works prepared in different subjects and help in the social, cultural and technical development of the region. The public libraries open services in providing collection of materials in different branches according to the features of the region
University libraries: teaching in the university, college and support scientific research and development activities in the immediate vicinity, fully watch the latest data of science emerging every day, and officials are to submit to utilize the library.
Formal and non-formal education libraries: These are the libraries of the official schools, private schools and courses. These libraries are established to support courses at primary and secondary education institutions, meet individual reading demands, create reading habit and contribute to develop social bonds by making use of library facilities.
The scope of Library statistics in our country covers all the libraries operating in the reference year.
Whole calendar year. Data for library statistics are available for 1972 and beyond. Data for university libraries are available for 2002 to now; data for the libraries of formal and non-formal educational institutions are available from 2005 to now.
Data collection method: The field work of the University Libraries Statistics Survey questionnaire is conducted by the regional offices of our institution. Full count/Complete inventory method is used in annual base.
Before the start of the field work of the University library Statistics Survey, address update process is carried out by the Regional Office in all provinces by using the address database of the previous year. The field work is started with the newly created frames. The questionnaire is filled in by every active University library in the reference year by using Harzemli web application. Other library statistics is collected from administrative records of related institutions.
Data processing method: After the completion of the field application and data analysis of survey data of University libraries and administrative data of other libraries under the control of our regional offices, detailed control processes and analysis are carried out by Education, Culture and Justice Statistics Group.
In this press release; the data about the number of operas, ballets, choirs and groups, number of opera and ballet halls, number of seatings, number of shows played, number of performances and audiences are included. Also number of orchestras, choirs and groups, number of shows and performances and number of staff according to the staff status are given at provincial level in the press release.
Hall: Place where opera, ballet, orchestra, choir or community activity takes place.
Seating capacity: The total audience capacity of the hall.
Show/Work: The written text, the play or the musical note that is used by the performers during the performance.
Performance: Each time the artists exhibit a show/work that take place separately.
Audience / Audience: Ticketed and non-ticketed people watching the staged performances.
Performer staff: The staff who work in the opera-ballet hall or in the orchestra, choir and group; pratician specialists, experts and guest performers are covered.
Opera: A group of performers who perform a musical theater plays or plays such as all or most of the lyrics in song form and accompanied by an orchestra.
Ballet: Dance and music-based stage show arranged according to choreography rules, or a group of artists performing this kind of show.
Orchestra: A band of musicians, of varying numbers and of all kinds of folks.
Choir: A group of people made up of certain voices and brought together to say a piece of music.
Group: A social cluster of individuals who have come together to perform an art or cultural activity.
Seat: A sitting place that is located for viewing the show and presented to the audience with or without tickets.
Number of performances: Number of activities performed.
Number of Audiences: Audiences with tickets and without tickets.
Opera and ballets affiliated to the General Directorate of Opera and Ballet and orchestras, choirs and groups affiliated to the General Directorate of Fine Arts are covered.
The opera and ballet question form compile data on hall, seating capacity, shows, performances, audiences, performer staff, hall qualifications and tour information according to domestic and foreign works.
The Orchestra, Choir and Community question form collects group, seat, show, audience, gender, tour and audience.
It is based on season, not calendar year. The season begins on 1 September and is completed by the end of May. The tournaments are out of scope.
The statistics on museums is one of the main areas under the "cultural heritage" title in the scope of cultural statistics in Eurostat methodology. TurkStat conducts the statistical studies related to the cultural heritage within the framework of Official Statistics Programme activities.
Museum: Places where the works of art, history, nature and other curiosities are preserved and exhibited.
Archaeological museums: Museums that have obtained all or significant part of their collections from archaeological excavations.
Historical museums: Museums where the historical development of a region is exhibited.
Ethnographical or anthropological museums: Museums where the relics of a culture, social structure, beliefs, traditions, traditional arts, etc. are exhibited.
General museums: Museums where various collections are exhibited. They are not specialized in a certain area.
Ruins (archaeological site): From Prehistoric era to up to now existence of various civilizations and topographically identifiable and alike features, but also historical archaeological, artistic, scientific, social or technical aspects area remarkable, partly built fields in which human effort combined with cultural assets and natural assets.
Urban sites: Areas where cultural and natural elements (e.g. buildings, gardens, plants, residential areas, and historic walls) are found together and therefore, architecturally, historically, aesthetically or artistically are more valuable as a whole than individually.
Historical sites: Places where important historical events took place and therefore should be protected.
Natural sites: Places of rare natural beauty and ecological interest that should be preserved and protected.
Ethnographical works: Artifacts and documents that are related to folk art and folklore.
Coins: A piece of metal on which certain characters are stamped by government authority, making it legally current as money.
Catalogued items: Works of art that are obtained by museums through various means; found worthy of keeping, and following tests and examinations, whose properties have been defined and entered in inventory records.
Uncatalogued items: Works of art that are obtained by museums found worthy of keeping, following tests and examinations, but kept in storage until they can be entered in inventory records.
Art museums: Museums for the display of works of fine art and applied art. Within this group fall museums of sculpture, picture galleries, museums of photography and cinema, museums of architecture. Including art exhibition galleries permanently maintained by libraries and archives centers, etc.
National park: An area of land which has remarkable natural and cultural sources of national and international significance and resting and tourism areas.
Natural park: A reserve of land nestling some very rare indigenous vegetation and wildlife features and suitable for public resting and entertaining in its entirety with scenery.
Wildlife protection area: An area of land that needs absolute protection and comprising rare ecosystems and species about to extinct and in danger and being important for science and education and containing remarkable examples generated by natural forces, reserved only for scientific and educational purposes.
Natural monument: An area having features created by natural forces and scientific values and protected within national park protection conditions.
Unique buildings: Original constructions which demonstrate special architectural, historical, aesthetic, archaeological or artistic properties and which are unique in structure, material construction, technology, or form.
Geographical coverage: Data are published by national level and NUTS 3.
Annually being received from the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, data are being prepared for publication through the control and analysis phases within the tabulation plan.